Reaching a Mutual Agreement: Readiness Theory and Coalition Building in the Aceh Peace Process

Authors

  • Amira Schiff

    Corresponding author
    1. The Program of Conflict Management and Negotiation, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel
    • Correspondence

      Amira Schiff, Ph.D., The Program of Conflict Management and Negotiation, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan, Israel; e-mail: a_schiff@netvision.net.il

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  • This article is part of a larger research project on conflict resolution processes in intractable conflicts, which applies readiness theory in a comparative analysis. This research was supported by a grant from the Tami Steinmetz Center for Peace Research, Tel Aviv University. I would like to thank Dean Pruitt for his enlightening comments.

Abstract

The study presents an analysis of the conflict resolution process in the Aceh conflict between the Government of Indonesia (GoI) and the Free Aceh Movement (Gerekan Aceh Merdeka or GAM). Starting with unofficial efforts by the Indonesian side from mid-2003, which eventually led the parties to the negotiation table and to the signing of the MoU in August 2005, the peace process put an end to the 30-year conflict over the independence of Aceh. The peaceful resolution of the Aceh conflict will be examined using readiness theory, which posits the factors that lead parties to negotiate, and the theory's hypotheses will be applied to understand the factors that contribute to success in negotiating a peace agreement. The study also examines the Aceh peace process from the perspective of central coalition theory, which relates to the readiness of the actors in the internal political debate to negotiate and reach an agreement.

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