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Keywords:

  • calcineurin inhibitor;
  • cyclosporine;
  • transplantation

Abstract

Aim

Cyclosporine (CsA), dosed to achieve C2 targets, has been shown to provide safe and efficacious immunosuppression when used with a mycophenolate and steroids for de novo kidney transplant recipients. This study examined whether use of enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) together with basiliximab and steroids would enable use of CsA dosed to reduced C2 targets in order to achieve improved graft function.

Methods

Twelve-month, prospective, randomized, open-label trial in de novo kidney transplant recipients in Australia. Seventy-five patients were randomized to receive either usual exposure (n = 33) or reduced exposure (n = 42) CsA, EC-MPS 720 mg twice daily, basiliximab and corticosteroids.

Results

There was no significant difference in mean Cockcroft-Gault CrCl (creatinine clearance) (60.2 ± 17.6 mL/min per 1.73 m2 vs 63.2 ± 24.3, P = 0.64 for usual versus reduced exposure respectively) at 6 months. There was no significant difference between treatment groups in the incidence of treatment failure defined as biopsy proven acute rejection, graft loss or death (secondary endpoint: 30.3% full exposure vs 35.7% reduced exposure). At 12 months the incidence of overall adverse events was the same in both groups.

Conclusion

This exploratory study suggests de novo renal transplant patients can safely receive a treatment regimen of either full or reduced exposure CsA in combination with EC-MPS, corticosteroids and basiliximab, with no apparent difference in efficacy or graft function during the first year after transplant.