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Keywords:

  • Immunoglobulin A nephropathy;
  • N-acetylgalactosamine;
  • proteinuria;
  • renal pathology

Abstract

Aim

Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common glomerulonephritis with various histological and clinical phenotypes. N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) exposure plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of IgAN. The aim of the current study is to investigate whether GalNAc exposure of serum IgA1 was associated with clinical and pathological manifestation of IgAN.

Methods

Sera from 199 patients with biopsy proved IgAN were collected. Clinical and pathological manifestations were collected. Biotinylated Helix aspersa were used in ELISA to examine GalNAc exposure on IgA1 molecules. Patients were divided into two groups according to the GalNAc exposure rate less or more than 0.4.

Results

Age, gender, and serum creatinine were comparable between the two groups. Univariate analysis showed that significantly higher urinary protein excretion rate but less severe glomerular sclerosis and tubularinterstitial fibrosis were observed in the lower GalNAc exposure group. Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that adjusted by age and gender, the GalNAc exposure rate more than 0.4 was a risk factor of glomerular sclerosis and tubularinterstitial fibrosis, OR*(95% CI) were 2.76 (1.19–6.37) and 2.49 (1.18–5.25), respectively.

Conclusion

Immunoglobulin A nephropathy patients with lower proteinuria had higher GalNAc exposure rates. The GalNAc exposure rate more than 0.4 was a risk factor of severe chronic renal tissue change.