Nephrology

Cover image for Vol. 15 Issue 4

June 2010

Volume 15, Issue 4

Pages 381–505

  1. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. Introduction (page 381)

      PETER G. KERR

      Article first published online: 25 MAY 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01330.x

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      Review: Membranes for haemodialysis (pages 381–385)

      PETER G KERR and LOUIS HUANG

      Article first published online: 26 MAR 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01331.x

      Haemodialysis membranes determine the nature of traffic between the blood and the dialysate, including the size of molecules and the amount and rate of movement of molecules and water. This brief review explores characteristics of dialysis membranes, the history of their development and differences between currently available membranes.

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      Review: Anticoagulation for haemodialysis (pages 386–392)

      MICHAEL SURANYI and JOSEPHINE SF CHOW

      Article first published online: 19 FEB 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01298.x

      This paper provides a brief but comprehensive review of anticoagulation for dialysis, covering many of the newer agents that may replace the heparins.

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      Review: Modelling the dialysate (pages 393–398)

      LISA M PHIPPS and DAVID CH HARRIS

      Article first published online: 25 FEB 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01299.x

      This review summarizes approaches to modelling the dialysate prescription to optimize patients' tolerance of dialysis (Modelling here means altering the dialysate prescription to suit the patient circumstance, either for the entire or part of the dialysis session).

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      Review: Differences in prescription between conventional and alternative haemodialysis (pages 399–405)

      NIGEL D TOUSSAINT

      Article first published online: 5 FEB 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01287.x

      Longer hours dialysis has several challenges – one of these – modifying the dialysate composition is addressed in this article.

    6. You have free access to this content
      Review: Understanding sorbent dialysis systems (pages 406–411)

      JOHN WM AGAR

      Article first published online: 19 MAR 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01321.x

      Sorbent dialysis may well be about to make a resurgence after a hiatus of many years. It offers dialysis in circumstances of low water availability, which may be very advantageous in countries such as Australia.

  2. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. You have free access to this content
      Review: Metformin: Potential benefits and use in chronic kidney disease (pages 412–418)

      HELEN L PILMORE

      Article first published online: 23 MAR 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01328.x

      While metformin is an old drug, recent data on its mechanism of action have led to a review of the recommendations for use in CKD. Additionally, there is interest in ANZ to trial metformin in the post-transplant context. A succinct overview of the current state of clinical knowledge regarding the use of this agent is provided.

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      Review: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin: A troponin-like biomarker for human acute kidney injury (pages 419–428)

      PRASAD DEVARAJAN

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01317.x

      A comprehensive review of the emerging role of urinary and plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin as a marker of acute kidney injury.

  3. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. Applying evidence into routine clinical care at a unit level: The exemplar of renal anaemia management (pages 429–433)

      MARTIN P GALLAGHER, ALAN CASS and JONATHAN C CRAIG

      Article first published online: 25 FEB 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01300.x

      The issues surrounding the implementation of scientific evidence in everyday clinical practice are reviewed. A clinical situation is described with a proposed methodology to change clinical practice to enable better achievement of guideline recommendations at a unit level.

    2. Economic evaluation in clinical nephrology: Part 1. An introduction to conducting an economic evaluation in clinical practice (pages 434–440)

      GERMAINE WONG, KIRSTEN HOWARD and JONATHAN C CRAIG

      Article first published online: 19 FEB 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01294.x

      An economic evaluation can be a useful tool for evidence-based medical decision-making. This article describes the principles surrounding an effective economic evaluation.

  4. DIALYSIS

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. Prospective study on dialysis patients after total parathyroidectomy without autoimplant (pages 441–447)

      HILDA WAI-HAN CHAN, KWOK-HONG CHU, SAMUEL KA-SHUN FUNG, HON-LOK TANG, WILLIAM LEE, AU CHEUK, KA-FAI YIM, MATTHEW KWOK-LUNG TONG and KAM-CHEONG LEE

      Article first published online: 24 NOV 2009 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2009.01257.x

      Total parathyroidectomy without autoimplantation was effective for improvement of bone mineral density in dialysis patients. Although no fracture was documented, the authors still found a certain patients (3 out of 7) with adynamic bone disease at repeated bone biopsies.

      Corrected by:

      Corrigendum

      Vol. 15, Issue 8, 783, Article first published online: 22 DEC 2010

    2. Conserving water in and applying solar power to haemodialysis: ‘Green Dialysis’ through wiser resource utilization (pages 448–453)

      JOHN WM AGAR

      Article first published online: 18 NOV 2009 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2009.01255.x

      Water conservation is important within the community – dialysis is no exception and this paper expands on approaches to water conservation in dialysis.

    3. Investigation of skeletal muscle quantity and quality in end-stage renal disease (pages 454–463)

      BIRINDER CHEEMA, HAIFA ABAS, BENJAMIN SMITH, ANTHONY J O'SULLIVAN, MARIA CHAN, ADITI PATWARDHAN, JOHN KELLY, ADRIAN GILLIN, GLEN PANG, BRAD LLOYD, KLAUS BERGER, BERNHARD T BAUNE and MARIA FIATARONE SINGH

      Article first published online: 2 DEC 2009 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2009.01261.x

      Advancing age, inflammation and poor nutritional status are factors contributing to the loss of muscle quality and quantity in dialysis patients. Significant functional impairments result, with elevated intramuscular lipid most closely related to poorer submaximal performance such as walking, and lower muscle CSA most closely related to maximal strength deficits.

  5. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. Older peoples' satisfaction with home-based dialysis (pages 464–470)

      SARAH DERRETT, MARYANN DARMODY, SHEILA WILLIAMS, MERRIN RUTHERFORD, JOHN SCHOLLUM and ROB WALKER

      Article first published online: 5 FEB 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01286.x

      Older patients, trained to dialyse at home using home-based peritoneal dialysis or clinic-based haemodialysis were found to manage the task and be highly satisfied with the independence this service affords.

      Corrected by:

      Corrigendum

      Vol. 15, Issue 5, 597, Article first published online: 23 JUL 2010

  6. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. Chronic kidney disease as a risk factor for Clostridium difficile infection (pages 471–475)

      RODNEY EDDI, MOHAMMED N. MALIK, RADA SHAKOV, WALID J. BADDOURA, CHANDRA CHANDRAN and VINCENT A. DEBARI

      Article first published online: 3 JAN 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2009.01274.x

      This paper showed the close relationship between chronic kidney disease and Clostridium difficile (CD) infection. CD-associated diarrhoea is a common cause of nosocomial diarrhoea.

  7. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. Estimating the hydration status in nephrotic patients by leg electrical resistivity measuring method (pages 476–479)

      FENG JIANG, YUHONG BO, TAIGEN CUI, YILUN ZHOU, ZHONGXIN LI, LIJIE MA and ZENGQI BI

      Article first published online: 25 MAY 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01267.x

      Leg electrical resistivity (LER) measurement, a non-invasive bioelectrical impedance analysis, has been used to evaluate the hydration status in dialysis patients. This study found that LER is sensitive to identify the abnormal hydration status and that LER measurement can provide a tool to control the dehydration of overhydrated patients with nephrotic syndrome.

  8. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. Predictors of poor renal outcome in patients with biopsy-proven lupus nephritis (pages 482–490)

      OLUGBENGA EDWARD AYODELE, IKECHI G OKPECHI and CHARLES R SWANEPOEL

      Article first published online: 5 FEB 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01290.x

      Baseline serum creatinine, failure of remission in the first year and mean systolic blood pressure were predictors of poor renal outcome in this study of 105 patients with lupus nephritis in South Africa.

  9. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. Validity of registry data: Agreement between cancer records in an end-stage kidney disease registry (voluntary reporting) and a cancer register (statutory reporting) (pages 491–501)

      ANGELA C WEBSTER, RAJAH SUPRAMANIAM, DIANNE L O'CONNELL, JEREMY R CHAPMAN and JONATHAN C CRAIG

      Article first published online: 19 FEB 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01297.x

      The ANZDATA and the Central Cancer Registries were found to be highly in agreement in the identification and classification of cancers in New South Wales.

  10. INSTRUCTIVE CASES

    1. Top of page
    2. SPECIAL ISSUE ON ESSENTIAL HEMODIALYSIS: PART 1
    3. REGULAR ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. SPECIAL SERIES: CLINICAL RESEARCH FOR NEPHROLOGISTS
    5. DIALYSIS
    6. EVIDENCE-BASED NEPHROLOGY
    7. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    8. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    9. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    10. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    11. INSTRUCTIVE CASES
    1. NEPHROTIC PROTEINURIA AND HYPERTENSION (pages 502–503)

      HUIPING CHEN, CHUNXIA ZHENG, LEISHI LI and ZHIHONG LIU

      Article first published online: 25 MAY 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01207.x

    2. IMMUNOGLOBULIN A NEPHROPATHY ASSOCIATED WITH HAIRY CELL LEUKAEMIA: A CASE REPORT (pages 503–504)

      FENG YU, LU-XIA ZHANG, GANG LIU, MING-HUI ZHAO and HAI-YAN WANG

      Article first published online: 25 MAY 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01208.x

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