Nephrology

Cover image for Vol. 16 Issue 1

January 2011

Volume 16, Issue 1

Pages 1–120

  1. EDITORIAL

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Editorial (page 1)

      PETER KERR

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01436.x

    2. Renal palliative care in Australia: Time to engage (pages 2–3)

      MARK A. BROWN and ROSEMARY MASTERSON

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01417.x

  2. REVIEW ARTICLES

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. You have free access to this content
      Palliative care in end-stage kidney disease (pages 4–12)

      ROBERT G FASSETT, IAIN K ROBERTSON, ROSE MACE, LOREN YOUL, SARAH CHALLENOR and ROSALIND BULL

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01409.x

      Palliative care and conservative care pathways have become very important components of the care of our patients in Nephrology and this article reviews many aspects of this.

    2. You have free access to this content
      Intra-dialytic hypotension and blood volume and blood temperature monitoring (pages 13–18)

      MATTHEW J DAMASIEWICZ and KEVAN R POLKINGHORNE

      Article first published online: 7 JUN 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01362.x

      This review examines the roles of blood volume and temperature monitoring as means to prevent intra-dialytic hypotension. The authors form the view that these techniques are of limited usefulness in the general haemodialysis population.

    3. Peritoneal dialysis practice in Australia and New Zealand: A call to action (pages 19–29)

      MATTHEW D JOSE, DAVID W JOHNSON, DAVID W MUDGE, ANDERS TRANÆUS, DAVID VOSS, ROWAN WALKER and KYM M BANNISTER

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01390.x

      This manuscript addresses the reasons why the peritoneal dialysis technique survival time is lower in Australia and New Zealand compared with many other parts of the world. The authors propose a series of practical recommendations to improve the outcomes in PD through appropriate patient selection, prevention and treatment of infectious complications, examining the causes of ‘social’ technique failure and addressing the need for a greater focus on patient education and clinical governance.

  3. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. You have free access to this content
      Adriamycin nephropathy: A model of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (pages 30–38)

      VINCENT WS LEE and DAVID CH HARRIS

      Article first published online: 26 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01383.x

      This review provides a comprehensive overview of experimental adriamycin nephropathy, including analysis of its strengths and weaknesses, pathogenic mechanisms and practical advice on how best to perform this animal model of chronic kidney disease.

  4. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Acute dialysis in HIV-positive patients in Cape Town, South Africa (pages 39–44)

      CRAIG ARENDSE, IKECHI OKPECHI and CHARLES SWANEPOEL

      Article first published online: 31 MAY 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01358.x

      Arendse et al. from Cape Town shared their experience of acute haemodialysis treatment for HIV patients. Acute tubular necrosis was the commonest cause (58%) and this group of patients had a good recovery (82%). A higher CD4 count was associated with better survival.

  5. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. The advent of interventional nephrology (page 45)

      TIMOTHY FURLONG

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01404.x

    2. Percutaneous maintenance and salvage of dysfunctional arteriovenous fistulae and grafts by nephrologists in Australia (pages 46–52)

      MURTY MANTHA, JOHN P KILLEN, RICHARD BAER and JANICE MOFFAT

      Article first published online: 9 JUN 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01364.x

      Percutaneous endovascular procedures in the treatment of dysfunctional haemodialysis arteriovenous vascular access can be successful when performed by appropriately trained nephrologists.

  6. DIALYSIS

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Increasing home based dialysis therapies to tackle dialysis burden around the world: A position statement on dialysis economics from the 2nd Congress of the International Society for Hemodialysis (pages 53–56)

      PHILIP KAM-TAO LI, WAI LUN CHEUNG, SING LEUNG LUI, CHRISTOPHER BLAGG, ALAN CASS, LAI SEONG HOOI, HO YUNG LEE, FRANCESCO LOCATELLI, TAO WANG, CHIH-WEI YANG, BERNARD CANAUD, YUK LUN CHENG, HUI LIN CHOONG, ANGEL L DE FRANCISCO, VICTOR GURA, KAZO KAIZU, PETER G KERR, UN I KUOK, CHI BON LEUNG, WAI-KEI LO, MADHUKAR MISRA, CHEUK CHUN SZETO, KWOK LUNG TONG, KRIANG TUNGSANGA, ROBERT WALKER, ANDREW KUI-MAN WONG, ALEX WAI-YIN YU and on behalf of the participants of THE ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION ON DIALYSIS ECONOMICS in the SECOND CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR HEMODIALYSIS (ISHD 2009)

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01418.x

      The authors compiled a positional statement on dialysis economics from the second congress of the international society for hemodialysis, focusing on promoting home-based dialysis therapies to tackle the dialysis burden. They have added a further statement to urge local health authorities to increase this form of therapy.

    2. One year experience of nocturnal home haemodialysis with an alternate night schedule in Hong Kong (pages 57–62)

      HON-LOK TANG, JOSEPH H-S WONG, CLARA K-Y POON, CANDIC M-K TANG, KWOK-HONG CHU, WILLIAM LEE, SAMUEL K-S FUNG, KA-FOON CHAU, CHUN-SANG LI and KWOK-LUNG TONG

      Article first published online: 5 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01371.x

      This paper demonstrates that nocturnal haemodialysis can be performed in Asia. The Hong Kong group have enthusiastically embraced this technology and demonstrate their progress.

    3. Epidemiology of culture isolates from peritoneal dialysis peritonitis patients in southern India using an automated blood culture system to culture peritoneal dialysate (pages 63–67)

      SOHAM GUPTA, SETHUMADHAVAN MURALIDHARAN, GOKULNATH and HIRESAVE SRINIVASA

      Article first published online: 19 MAY 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01355.x

      This paper describes the pattern and organisms involved in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis peritonitis in southern India. The authors also use an automated blood culture bottle technique for culturing peritoneal dialysis fluid but describe a high culture negative rate.

    4. Anti-inflammatory effect of an insulin infusion in patients on maintenance haemodialysis: A randomized controlled pilot study (pages 68–75)

      FREDERIEK E VOS, PATRICK J MANNING, WAYNE HF SUTHERLAND, JOHN B SCHOLLUM and ROBERT J WALKER

      Article first published online: 23 MAR 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01329.x

      In this pilot study, an infusion of insulin during haemodialysis resulted in a significant reduction in plasma CRP levels compared with conventional haemodialysis.

  7. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Effects of proteasome inhibitors on rat renal fibrosis in vitro and in vivo (pages 76–86)

      TORU SAKAIRI, KEIJU HIROMURA, SATOSHI TAKAHASHI, HIROKO HAMATANI, SHIGERU TAKEUCHI, MAI TOMIOKA, AKITO MAESHIMA, TAKASHI KUROIWA and YOSHIHISA NOJIMA

      Article first published online: 5 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01367.x

      This study revealed a potential mechanism of Smad response by proteasome inhibitors in rat renal fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. Proteasome inhibitors attenuate transforming growth factor-β signalling by blocking Smad signal transduction in vitro, but do not inhibit renal interstitial fibrosis in vivo.

  8. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Pattern of renal diseases observed in native renal biopsies in adults in a single centre in Pakistan (pages 87–92)

      MUHAMMED MUBARAK, JAVED I KAZI, RUBINA NAQVI, EJAZ AHMED, FAZAL AKHTER, SYED AA NAQVI and SYED AH RIZVI

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01410.x

      This paper reports a large consecutive renal biopsy series from a single centre in Southern Pakistan. Interpretation of the epidemiological analysis is restricted by selection bias: most of the patients had evidence of nephrotic syndrome, but focal sclerosing glomerulonephritis was the most common form of primary glomerulopathy. Lupus nephritis and secondary amyloid were common causes of secondary glomerulopathy.

  9. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Cut-off values for serum matrix metalloproteinase-9: Is there a threshold to predict renal involvement for Henoch–Schonlein purpura in children? (pages 93–99)

      YUAN-HAN QIN, TIAN-BIAO ZHOU, FENG-YING LEI, WEI-FANG HUANG, YAN-JUN ZHAO, FA-QUAN LIN and LI-NA SU

      Article first published online: 7 JUN 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01360.x

      Patients with Henoch–Schonlein purpura (HSP) may progress to HSP nephritis, the metal-dependent degradation enzymes matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and its inhibitor tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 may play a role in the development of proliferative nephritis. The current study indicates that the serum and urinary MMP-9, TIMP-1 and MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio may be potential biomarkers for early diagnosis of HSP nephritis.

  10. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Renal biopsy in type 2 diabetes: Timing of complications and evaluating of safety in Chinese patients (pages 100–105)

      PEI-PEI ZHANG, YONG-CHUN GE, SHI-JUN LI, HONG-LANG XIE, LEI-SHI LI and ZHI-HONG LIU

      Article first published online: 5 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01369.x

      This article details a comparative study of renal biopsy complications between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. It highlights the relative safety of the procedure in diabetics, and also the importance of biopsy in determining the presence or absence of other renal pathology.

  11. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Translation, cultural adaptation assessment, and both validity and reliability testing of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life – Short Form version 1.3 for use with Iranian patients (pages 106–112)

      AMIR H PAKPOUR, MIRSAEED YEKANINEJAD, STIG MOLSTED, ADRIAN P HARRISON, FARIBA HASHEMI and MOHSEN SAFFARI

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01389.x

      This paper addresses the issue of quality of life in patients with kidney failure describing the process of translating the well-known KDQOL into Iranian.

  12. TRANSPLANTATION

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Low-dose valaciclovir and cytomegalovirus immunoglobulin to prevent cytomegalovirus disease in high-risk renal transplant recipients (pages 113–117)

      NIGEL D TOUSSAINT, MARCUS BP TAN, KATHY NICHOLLS, ROWAN G WALKER and SOLOMON J COHNEY

      Article first published online: 13 JUL 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01379.x

      This retrospective review assessed the efficacy of a combination of low-dose valaciclovir and intravenous CMV immunoglobulin to prevent CMV disease in CMV-negative recipients of kidneys from CMV-positive donors (D+/R−) showing that low-dose valaciclovir with CMVIg was as efficacious in preventing CMV disease as other published regimens, including those with full-dose valaciclovir and valganciclovir.

  13. CORRESPONDENCE

    1. Top of page
    2. EDITORIAL
    3. REVIEW ARTICLES
    4. METHODS OF RENAL RESEARCH
    5. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    6. CONTINUING MEDICAL EDUCATION
    7. DIALYSIS
    8. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    9. NEPHROLOGY IN HIGH RISK POPULATIONS
    10. PATHOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION
    11. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    12. REGISTRIES/RENAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
    13. TRANSPLANTATION
    14. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. NUTCRACKER SYNDROME (page 118)

      Ming-Feng Li and Tsung-Lung Yang

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01374.x

    2. PROLONGED SURVIVAL IN RENAL TRANSPLANT RECIPIENT WITH ADVANCED RENAL CELL CARCINOMA BY EVEROLIMUS AND SORAFENIB (pages 118–119)

      Prajej Ruangkanchanasetr, Bundith Kanjanapayak and Kamolwan Jungmeechoke

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01346.x

    3. GAS IN THE RENAL SHADOW OF A PLAIN ABDOMINAL X-RAY: EMPHYSEMATOUS PYELONEPHRITIS (pages 119–120)

      Desmond YH Yap, Gloria YY Hwang, Joanne KY Lam and Sydney CW Tang

      Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01348.x

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