Nephrology

Cover image for Vol. 17 Issue 7

September 2012

Volume 17, Issue 7

Pages 591–667

  1. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE

    1. Top of page
    2. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    3. DIALYSIS
    4. GENERAL NEPHROLOGY
    5. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    6. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    7. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Hyperglycaemia, inflammation, RAS activation: Three culprits to blame for acute kidney injury emerging in healthy rats during general anaesthesia (pages 591–602)

      SHAI EFRATI, SYLVIA BERMAN, RAMZIA ABU HAMAD, RANIN EL NAKIB, MICHAEL CHANIMOV, YARIV SIMAN-TOV and JOSHUA WEISSGARTEN

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01638.x

      Acute kidney injury (AKI) may develop as an outcome of general anaesthesia. Using a rat model, the present study demonstrated that hyperglycaemia, renin-angiotensin system, systemic and intra-renal inflammation are independently activated during general anaesthesia, each contributing to induction of AKI. If relevant in clinical practice, tight intraoperative control over these parameters might prevent AKI development during general anaesthesia.

  2. DIALYSIS

    1. Top of page
    2. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    3. DIALYSIS
    4. GENERAL NEPHROLOGY
    5. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    6. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    7. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Real-time ultrasound guided placement of temporary internal jugular vein catheters: Assessment of technical success and complication rates in nephrology practice (pages 603–606)

      HADIM AKOGLU, SERHAN PISKINPASA, EZGI C YENIGUN, RAMAZAN OZTURK, FATIH DEDE and ALI R ODABAS

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01637.x

      Internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization is often required to gain access for haemodialysis. The authors prospectively analyzed 323 patients who underwent IJV cannulation with real-time ultrasound guidance. They concluded that cannulation of IJV under real-time ultrasound guidance is very safe with high technical success rates.

    2. Vascular calcification in South African dialysis patients: Ethnic variation, prevalence, detection and haemodynamic correlates (pages 607–615)

      ROBERT FREERCKS, CHARLES SWANEPOEL, HENRI CARRARA, SULAIMAN MOOSA, ANTHONY LACHMAN and BRIAN RAYNER

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01612.x

      This cross-sectional study of a South African dialysis cohort shows a relatively low prevalence of coronary artery and aortic calcification likely related to the younger age of patients. The main finding though is the significantly lower degree of vascular calcification in black patients compared with whites, which may result from genetic factors.

    3. Oral activated charcoal suppresses hyperphosphataemia in haemodialysis patients (pages 616–620)

      ZUNSONG WANG, MEIYU CUI, LIJUN TANG, WENBIN LI, YONG WEI, ZHUXIAN ZHU, XIAOYAN JIA, XIANGLEI KONG and DONGMEI XU

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01626.x

      The management of hyperphosphataemia remains a challenge in people with chronic kidney disease, particularly those requiring dialysis. In this study, Wang et al. demonstrate the potential efficacy of activated charcoal at lowering phosphate and parathyroid hormone levels.

    4. Survival analysis of pediatric dialysis patients in Taiwan (pages 621–627)

      HSIN-HUNG LIN, CHING-WEI TSAI, PAO-HSUAN LIN, KUANG-FU CHENG, HONG-DAR WU, I-KWAN WANG, CHING-YUANG LIN, WALTER CHEN and CHIU-CHING HUANG

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01613.x

      In this manuscript, the authors studied the long-term survival, mortality hazards and causes of death in patients receiving dialysis in Taiwanese children. They showed for the first time that there was no significant difference of paediatric ESRD patient survival between HD and PD treatment in Taiwan. The older paediatric ESRD patients had better survival than younger patients.

  3. GENERAL NEPHROLOGY

    1. Top of page
    2. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    3. DIALYSIS
    4. GENERAL NEPHROLOGY
    5. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    6. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    7. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Impacts of estimated glomerular filtration rate on coronary atherosclerosis and plaque composition before and during statin therapy in patients with normal to mild renal dysfunction: Subanalysis of the TRUTH study (pages 628–635)

      TSUYOSHI NOZUE, SHINGO YAMAMOTO, SHINICHI TOHYAMA, KAZUKI FUKUI, SHIGEO UMEZAWA, YUKO ONISHI, TOMOYUKI KUNISHIMA, KIYOSHI HIBI, MITSUYASU TERASHIMA, ICHIRO MICHISHITA and THE TRUTH INVESTIGATORS

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01628.x

      This study examined the impact of kidney dysfunction on coronary atherosclerosis by evaluating coronary atherosclerosis using the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with virtual histology before and after statin. The authors showed that decreased GFR is associated with expanded remodelling and a greater atheroma volume, particularly the fibro-fatty and fibrous volume.

    2. Cardiac high-sensitivity troponin T measurement: A layer of complexity in managing haemodialysis patients (pages 636–641)

      TIMOTHY J PIANTA, ANDREA R HORVATH, VIVIENNE M ELLIS, RINA LEONETTI, CHRISTINE MOFFAT, ELIZABETH A JOSLAND and MARK A BROWN

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01625.x

      In stable asymptomatic HD patients, highly sensitive TNT is persistently elevated above normal values and is not affected by dialysis. Highest values were evident in those with cardiovascular disease. It is recommended that in at risk individuals on HD, a baseline hsTNT should be measured for future comparison in an acute event.

    3. Accumulation of circulating advanced oxidation protein products is an independent risk factor for ischaemic heart disease in maintenance haemodialysis patients (pages 642–649)

      QIUGEN ZHOU, SHENGJIE WU, JIANPING JIANG, JIANWEI TIAN, JIANGHUA CHEN, XUEQING YU, PINGYAN CHEN, CHANGLIN MEI, FEI XIONG, WEI SHI, WEI ZHOU, XUSHENG LIU, SHIREN SUN, DI XIE, JUN LIU, XIN XU, MIN LIANG and FANFAN HOU

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01640.x

      These investigators examined the serum levels of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) in patients on haemodialysis (HD) or continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) in a cross-section study and tested AOPP as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The levels of AOPP were significantly elevated in both HD and CAPD patients compared to healthy controls. However, accumulation of AOPP was more significant in HD compared to CAPD patients. Only in HD patients, the AOPP levels exhibit an association with ischaemic heart disease.

  4. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY

    1. Top of page
    2. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    3. DIALYSIS
    4. GENERAL NEPHROLOGY
    5. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    6. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    7. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Mesenchymal stem cells are a rescue approach for recovery of deteriorating kidney function (pages 650–657)

      MERVAT EL-ANSARY, GAMAL SAADI and SAMAH M ABD EL-HAMID

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01622.x

      Mesenchymal stem cells may provide a new therapeutic tool for the treatment of chronic kidney disease by rescuing deteriorating kidney function.

  5. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE

    1. Top of page
    2. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    3. DIALYSIS
    4. GENERAL NEPHROLOGY
    5. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    6. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    7. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. Effect and therapeutic mechanisms of tonsillectomy for childhood IgA nephropathy (pages 658–664)

      HITOMI NISHI, KEISUKE SUGIMOTO, SHINSUKE FUJITA, KOHEI MIYAZAKI, TOMOKI MIYAZAWA, NAOKI SAKATA, MITSURU OKADA and TSUKASA TAKEMURA

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01620.x

      In this single-centre study, the effects of tonsillectomy on the progression of childhood IgA nephropathy were investigated. Patients who underwent tonsillectomy (n = 25) had a greater chance of remission compared to those that did not (n = 5). In addition, renal histology improved in 19 patients who underwent a repeat renal biopsy following tonsillectomy.

  6. CORRESPONDENCE

    1. Top of page
    2. ACUTE RENAL DISEASE
    3. DIALYSIS
    4. GENERAL NEPHROLOGY
    5. INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY
    6. PROGRESSIVE CHRONIC RENAL DISEASE
    7. CORRESPONDENCE
    1. ACUTE FOREARM COMPARTMENT SYNDROME ASSOCIATED WITH DIALYSIS ACCESS BLEEDING (pages 665–666)

      Wei-Yang Lee, Tzung-Hai Yen and Shen-Yang Lee

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01588.x

    2. BROWN TUMOURS IN A RENAL TRANSPLANT RECIPIENT (pages 666–667)

      Rapur Ram, Gudithi Swarnalatha, Diwakar Naidu Gajjala, Santosh Pai Bantwal Hebbalsinhakatte and Dakshinamurty Venkata Kaligotla

      Article first published online: 26 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2012.01591.x

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