Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT) is a benign glioneuronal tumor, occurring in children and adolescents, typically associated with drug-resistant partial seizures. Pathologically, DNT is characterized by a specific glioneuronal element that is comprised of oligodendroglia-like cells (OLC) and floating neurons. The definition of DNT is currently controversial and the incidence of DNT varies among institutions. In this study we characterize the morphologic profiles of OLC and floating neurons by performing immunohistochemical and morphometric studies on seven cases of a simple form of DNT. While a majority of OLC was positive for oligodendrocyte transcription factor 2 (Olig2), only floating neurons and a few small cells were positive for neuronal nuclear antigens (NeuN). Double immunofluorescence studies revealed co-localization of Olig2 and galectin 3 in OLC, but no co-localization of Olig2 and NeuN. The distribution pattern of NeuN-positive nuclei within the tumor tissue was not different from that in the adjacent neural tissue. A section cut perpendicular to the cortex stained with NeuN showed a continuous laminar arrangement with the adjacent cortex. Densities of NeuN-positive nuclei from tumors embedded in the white matter were significantly lower than those from tumors in the gray matter. Our results suggest that the NeuN-positive small and large cells observed within the specific glioneuronal element are in fact entrapped granular and pyramidal cells within the cortex and that OLCs are essentially glial and not neuronal in nature. DNT is thus a pure glial tumor rather than a glioneuronal tumor, that is, the equivalent of non-infiltrating oligodendroglioma, grade I.