Joint first authors.
Non-cell autonomous regulation of life cycle transitions in the model brown alga Ectocarpus
Article first published online: 29 OCT 2012
© 2012 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2012 New Phytologist Trust
Volume 197, Issue 2, pages 503–510, January 2013
How to Cite
Arun, A., Peters, N. T., Scornet, D., Peters, A. F., Mark Cock, J. and Coelho, S. M. (2013), Non-cell autonomous regulation of life cycle transitions in the model brown alga Ectocarpus. New Phytologist, 197: 503–510. doi: 10.1111/nph.12007
- Issue published online: 18 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 29 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 3 SEP 2012
- Centre National de Recherche Scientifique
- University Pierre and Marie Curie
- Groupement d'Interet Scientifique Génomique Marine
- Interreg program France
- Agence Nationale de la Recherche
- brown algae;
- Ectocarpus siliculosus ;
- life cycle;
- The model brown alga Ectocarpus has a haploid-diploid life cycle, involving alternation between two independent multicellular generations, the gametophyte and the sporophyte. Recent work has shown that alternation of generations is not determined by ploidy but is rather under genetic control, involving at least one master regulatory locus, OUROBOROS (ORO).
- Using cell biology approaches combined with measurements of generation-specific transcript abundance we provide evidence that alternation of generations can also be regulated by non-cell autonomous mechanisms.
- The Ectocarpus sporophyte produces a diffusible factor that causes major developmental reprogramming in gametophyte cells. Cells become resistant to reprogramming when the cell wall is synthetized, suggesting that the cell wall may play a role in locking an individual into the developmental program that has been engaged. A functional ORO gene is necessary for the induction of the developmental switch.
- Our results highlight the role of the cell wall in maintaining the differentiated generation stage once the appropriate developmental program has been engaged and also indicate that ORO is a key member of the developmental pathway triggered by the sporophyte factor. Alternation between gametophyte and sporophyte generations in Ectocarpus is surprisingly labile, perhaps reflecting an adaptation to the variable seashore environment inhabited by this alga.