SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aber JD, McDowell WH, Nadelhoffer KJ, Magill A, Berntson GM, Kamakea M, McNulty SG, Currie WS, Rustad LE, Fernandez IJ. 1998. Nitrogen saturation in temperate forest ecosystems. BioScience 48: 921934.
  • Adamek M, Corre MD, Holscher D. 2011. Responses of fine roots to experimental nitrogen addition in a tropical lower montane rain forest, Panama. Journal of Tropical Ecology 27: 7381.
  • van Bodegom PM, Sorrell BK, Oosthoek A, Bakker C, Aerts R. 2008. Separating the effects of partial submergence and soil oxygen demand on plant physiology and growth upon flooding. Ecology 89: 93104.
  • Brassard BW, Chen HYH, Bergeron Y. 2009. Influence of environmental variability on root dynamics in northern forests. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 28: 179197.
  • Brouwer R. 1983. Functional equilibrium – sense or nonsense. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 31: 335348.
  • Burton AJ, Jarvey JC, Jarvi MP, Zak DR, Pregitzer KS. 2012. Chronic N deposition alters root respiration-tissue N relationship in northern hardwood forests. Global Change Biology 18: 258266.
  • Burton AJ, Pregitzer KS, Ruess RW, Hendrick RL, Allen MF. 2002. Root respiration in North American forests: effects of nitrogen concentration and temperature across biomes. Oecologia 131: 559568.
  • Clijsters H, Cuypers A, Vangronsveld J. 1999. Physiological responses to heavy metals in higher plants; defence against oxidative stress. Journal of Biosciences 54: 730734.
  • Coleman M. 2007. Spatial and temporal patterns of root distribution in developing stands of four woody crop species grown with drip irrigation and fertilization. Plant and Soil 299: 195213.
  • Cronan CS, Grigal DF. 1995. Use of calcium and aluminum ratios as indicators of stress in forest ecosystems. Journal of Environmental Quality 24: 209226.
  • Daly C, Bachelet D, Lenihan JM, Neilson RP, Parton W, Ojima D. 2000. Dynamic simulation of tree–grass interactions for global change studies. Ecological Applications 10: 449469.
  • Delledonne M, Zeier J, Marocco A, Lamb C. 2001. Signal interactions between nitric oxide and reactive oxygen intermediates in the plant hypersensitive disease resistance response. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 98: 1345413459.
  • van Diepen LTA, Lilleskov EA, Pregitzer KS, Miller RM. 2010. Simulated nitrogen deposition causes a decline of intra- and extraradical abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and changes in microbial community structure in northern hardwood forests. Ecosystems 13: 683695.
  • Eissenstat DM, Yanai RD. 1997. The ecology of root lifespan. Advances in Ecological Research 27: 160.
  • Farquhar GD, Sharkey TD. 1982. Stomatal conductance and photosynthesis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 33: 317345.
  • Farrar JF, Jones DL. 2000. The control of carbon acquisition by roots. New Phytologist 147: 4353.
  • Fusconi A, Berta G. 2012. Environmental stress and role of arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. New York, NY, USA: Springer.
  • Hancock JE, Arthur MA, Weathers KC, Lovett GM. 2008. Carbon cycling along a gradient of beech bark disease impact in the Catskill Mountains, New York. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 12671274.
  • Hendricks JJ, Nadelhoffer KJ, Aber JD. 1993. Assessing the role of fine roots in carbon and nutrient cycling. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8: 174.
  • Högberg P, Johannisson C, Yarwood S, Callesen I, Nasholm T, Myrold DD, Högberg MN. 2011. Recovery of ectomycorrhiza after ‘nitrogen saturation’ of a conifer forest. New Phytologist 189: 515525.
  • Ingestad T, Ågren GI. 1991. The influence of plant nutrition on biomass allocation. Ecological Applications 1: 168174.
  • Iversen CM. 2010. Digging deeper: fine-root responses to rising atmospheric CO2 concentration in forested ecosystems. New Phytologist 186: 346357.
  • Jussy JH, Colin-Belgrand M, Dambrine E, Ranger J, Zeller B, Bienaime S. 2004. N deposition, N transformation and N leaching in acid forest soils. Biogeochemistry 69: 241262.
  • Kochian LV, Pineros MA, Hoekenga OA. 2005. The physiology, genetics and molecular biology of plant aluminum resistance and toxicity. Plant and Soil 274: 175195.
  • Leyshon AJ. 1991. Effect of rate of nitrogen fertilizer on the aboveground and belowground biomass of irrigated bromegrass in southwest Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 71: 10571067.
  • Lilleskov EA, Fahey TJ, Lovett GM. 2001. Ectomycorrhizal fungal aboveground community change over an atmospheric nitrogen deposition gradient. Ecological Applications 11: 397410.
  • Lovett GM, Goodale CL. 2011. A new conceptual model of nitrogen saturation based on experimental nitrogen addition to an oak forest. Ecosystems 14: 615631.
  • Makita N, Hirano Y, Mizoguchi T, Kominami Y, Dannoura M, Ishii H, Finer L, Kanazawa Y. 2011. Very fine roots respond to soil depth: biomass allocation, morphology, and physiology in a broad-leaved temperate forest. Ecological Research 26: 95104.
  • McMurtrie RE, Iversen CM, Dewar RC, Medlyn BE, Näsholm T, Pepper DA, Norby RJ. 2012. Plant root distributions and nitrogen uptake predicted by a hypothesis of optimal root foraging. Ecology and Evolution 2: 12351250.
  • Nadelhoffer KJ. 2000. The potential effects of nitrogen deposition on fine-root production in forest ecosystems. New Phytologist 147: 131139.
  • van Noordwijk M, Martikainen P, Bottner P, Cuevas E, Rouland C, Dhillion SS. 1998. Global change and root function. Global Change Biology 4: 759772.
  • Pardo L, Robin-Abbott MJ, Driscoll CT. 2011. Assessment of nitrogen deposition effects and empirical critical loads of nitrogen for ecoregions of the United States. Newtown Square, PA, USA: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station.
  • Poorter H, Nagel O. 2000. The role of biomass allocation in the growth response of plants to different levels of light, CO2, nutrients and water: a quantitative review. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 27: 595607.
  • Reich PB. 2002. Root–shoot relations: optimality in acclimation and adaptation or the Emperor's New Clothes? In: Waisel Y, Eshel A, Kafkafi U, eds. Hidden half. New York, NY, USA: Marcel Dekker, 205220.
  • Richter AK, Walthert L, Frossard E, Brunner I. 2007. Does low soil base saturation affect fine root properties of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.)? Plant and Soil 298: 6979.
  • van Scholl L, Kuyper TW, Smits MM, Landeweert R, Hoffland E, van Breemen N. 2008. Rock-eating mycorrhizas: their role in plant nutrition and biogeochemical cycles. Plant and Soil 303: 3547.
  • Sverdrup H, Warfvinge P. 1993. The effect of soil acidification on the growth of trees, grass and herbs as expressed by the (Ca + Mg + K)/Al ratio. Reports in Ecology and Environmental Engineering. Lund, Sweden: Department of Chemical Engineering, Lund University.
  • Tatarinov FA, Cienciala E. 2006. Application of BIOME-BGC model to managed forests 1. Sensitivity analysis. Forest Ecology and Management 237: 267279.
  • Thomas RQ, Canham CD, Weathers KC, Goodale CL. 2010. Increased tree carbon storage in response to nitrogen deposition in the US. Nature Geoscience 3: 1317.
  • Treseder KK. 2004. A meta-analysis of mycorrhizal responses to nitrogen, phosphorus, and atmospheric CO2 in field studies. New Phytologist 164: 347355.
  • USEPA. 2009. Risk and exposure assessment for review of secondary national ambient air quality standards for oxides of nitrogen and oxides or sulfur. Research Triangle Park, NC, USA: Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Health and Environmental Impacts Division. EPA-452/R-09-008a.
  • Vanguelova EI, Nortcliff S, Moffat AJ, Kennedy F. 2005. Morphology, biomass and nutrient status of fine roots of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) as influenced by seasonal fluctuations in soil moisture and soil solution chemistry. Plant and Soil 270: 233247.
  • Wallace ZP, Lovett GM, Hart JE, Machona B. 2007. Effects of nitrogen saturation on tree growth and death in a mixed-oak forest. Forest Ecology and Management 243: 210218.
  • Zang UR, Lamersdorf N, Borken W. 2011. Response of the fine root system in a Norway spruce stand to 13 years of reduced atmospheric nitrogen and acidity input. Plant and Soil 339: 435445.
  • Zaninotto F, Camera SL, Polverari A, Delledonne M. 2006. Cross talk between reactive nitrogen and oxygen species during the hypersensitive disease resistance response. Plant Physiology 141: 379383.