These authors contributed equally to this work.
Article first published online: 28 JAN 2013
© 2013 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2013 New Phytologist Trust
Volume 198, Issue 1, pages 222–231, April 2013
How to Cite
Fisher, J. P., Phoenix, G. K., Childs, D. Z., Press, M. C., Smith, S. W., Pilkington, M. G. and Cameron, D. D. (2013), Parasitic plant litter input: a novel indirect mechanism influencing plant community structure. New Phytologist, 198: 222–231. doi: 10.1111/nph.12144
- Issue published online: 25 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 28 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 8 NOV 2012
- NERC. Grant Numbers: NE/C510124/1, NE/E014070/1, NE/G524136/1
- Royal Society University Research Fellowship. Grant Number: UF090328
- community ecology;
- leaf litter;
- nutrient cycling;
- parasitic plant;
- Rhinanthus minor ;
- root hemiparasite
- Parasitic plants have major impacts on plant community structure through their direct negative influence on host productivity and competitive ability. However, the possibility that these parasites may also have indirect impacts on community structure (via the mechanism of nutrient-rich litter input) while long hypothesized, has remained unsupported until now.
- Using the hemiparasite Rhinanthus minor, we established experimental grassland mesocosms to quantify the impacts of Rhinanthus litter and parasitism across two soil fertility levels. We measured the biomass and tissue nutrient concentration of three functional groups within these communities to determine their physiological response to resource abstraction and litter input by the parasite.
- We show that Rhinanthus alters the biomass and nutrient status of co-occurring plants with contrasting effects on different functional groups via the mechanism of nutrient-rich litter input. Critically, in the case of grass and total community biomass, this partially negates biomass reductions caused directly by parasitism.
- This demonstrates that the influence of parasitic plant litter on plant community structure can be of equal importance to the much-reported direct impacts of parasitism. We must consider both positive indirect (litter) and negative direct (parasitism) impacts of parasitic plants to understand their role in structuring plant communities.