The family of ammonium transporters (AMT) in Sorghum bicolor: two AMT members are induced locally, but not systemically in roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
Article first published online: 6 MAR 2013
© No claim to original Swiss government works. New Phytologist © 2013 New Phytologist Trust
Volume 198, Issue 3, pages 853–865, May 2013
How to Cite
Koegel, S., Ait Lahmidi, N., Arnould, C., Chatagnier, O., Walder, F., Ineichen, K., Boller, T., Wipf, D., Wiemken, A. and Courty, P.-E. (2013), The family of ammonium transporters (AMT) in Sorghum bicolor: two AMT members are induced locally, but not systemically in roots colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist, 198: 853–865. doi: 10.1111/nph.12199
- Issue published online: 12 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 6 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 12 NOV 2012
- Swiss National Science Foundation. Grant Numbers: 130794, PZ00P3_136651
- Burgundy Regional Council. Grant Number: PARI Agrale 8
- ANR TRANSMUT. Grant Number: ANR-10-BLAN-1604-0
- ammonium and phosphate transporters;
- arbuscular mycorrhiza;
- sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
- Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi contribute to plant nitrogen (N) acquisition. Recent studies demonstrated the transport of N in the form of ammonium during AM symbiosis. Here, we hypothesize that induction of specific ammonium transporter (AMT) genes in Sorghum bicolor during AM colonization might play a key role in the functionality of the symbiosis.
- For the first time, combining a split-root experiment and microdissection technology, we were able to assess the precise expression pattern of two AM-inducible AMTs, SbAMT3;1 and SbAMT4. Immunolocalization was used to localize the protein of SbAMT3;1.
- The expression of SbAMT3;1 and SbAMT4 was greatly induced locally in root cells containing arbuscules and in adjacent cells. However, a split-root experiment revealed that this induction was not systemic. By contrast, a strictly AM-induced phosphate transporter (SbPt11) was expressed systemically in the split-root experiment. However, a gradient of expression was apparent. Immunolocalization analyses demonstrated that SbAMT3;1 was present only in cells containing developing arbuscules.
- Our results show that the SbAMT3;1 and SbAMT4 genes are expressed in root cortical cells, which makes them ready to accommodate arbuscules, a process of considerable importance in view of the short life span of arbuscules. Additionally, SbAMT3;1 might play an important role in N transfer during AM symbiosis.