The mechanism of ORFH79 suppression with the artificial restorer fertility gene Mt-GRP162

Authors

  • Jun Hu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    2. Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
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  • Wenchao Huang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    2. Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
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  • Qi Huang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    2. Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
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  • Xiaojian Qin,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    2. Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
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  • Zhiwu Dan,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    2. Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
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  • Guoxin Yao,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    2. Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
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  • Renshan Zhu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    2. Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
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  • Yingguo Zhu

    Corresponding author
    1. Engineering Research Center for Plant Biotechnology and Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
    • State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
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Author for correspondence:

Yingguo Zhu

Tel: +86 27 68756530

Email: zhuyg@public.wh.hb.cn

Summary

  • The restoration fertility complex (RFC) was previously identified in Honglian (HL)-cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) rice (Oryza sativa), and glycine-rich protein 162 (GRP162) is responsible for binding to the CMS-associated transcript atp6-orfH79.
  • Here, we engineered a recombinant GRP162 containing the mitochondrial transit peptide, termed Mt-GRP162, as an artificial restorer of fertility (Rf) gene. Mt-GRP162 was confirmed to bind to CMS-associated RNA and to localize to the mitochondria. The transgenic plants showed restored fertility with partially functional pollen.
  • We found that the expression of ORFH79 decreased in transgenic plants, while the expression of atp6-orfH79 was not changed. These findings indicate that Mt-GRP162 restores fertility by suppressing the expression of the cytotoxic protein ORFH79 at the post-transcriptional level rather than via the cleavage of atp6-orfH79 in the presence of RFC.
  • These findings contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms of restoration through diverse pathways.

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