The mechanism of ORFH79 suppression with the artificial restorer fertility gene Mt-GRP162
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- The restoration fertility complex (RFC) was previously identified in Honglian (HL)-cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) rice (Oryza sativa), and glycine-rich protein 162 (GRP162) is responsible for binding to the CMS-associated transcript atp6-orfH79.
- Here, we engineered a recombinant GRP162 containing the mitochondrial transit peptide, termed Mt-GRP162, as an artificial restorer of fertility (Rf) gene. Mt-GRP162 was confirmed to bind to CMS-associated RNA and to localize to the mitochondria. The transgenic plants showed restored fertility with partially functional pollen.
- We found that the expression of ORFH79 decreased in transgenic plants, while the expression of atp6-orfH79 was not changed. These findings indicate that Mt-GRP162 restores fertility by suppressing the expression of the cytotoxic protein ORFH79 at the post-transcriptional level rather than via the cleavage of atp6-orfH79 in the presence of RFC.
- These findings contribute to our understanding of the mechanisms of restoration through diverse pathways.