Common arbuscular mycorrhizal networks amplify competition for phosphorus between seedlings and established plants
Article first published online: 6 JUN 2013
© 2013 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2013 New Phytologist Trust
Volume 200, Issue 1, pages 229–240, October 2013
How to Cite
Merrild, M. P., Ambus, P., Rosendahl, S. and Jakobsen, I. (2013), Common arbuscular mycorrhizal networks amplify competition for phosphorus between seedlings and established plants. New Phytologist, 200: 229–240. doi: 10.1111/nph.12351
- Issue published online: 26 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 6 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Received: 25 MAR 2013
- The Danish Council for Independent Research | Technology and Production. Grant Numbers: 09-061126, 10-082459
- 1992. Density dependent interactions between VA mycorrhizal fungi and even-aged seedlings of 2 perennial Fabaceae species. Oecologia 91: 281–287. , .
- 1998. A mutant in Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. with highly reduced VA mycorrhizal colonization: isolation and preliminary characterisation. Plant Journal 15: 791–797. , , , , , .
- 1986. Development of VA mycorrhizal infection in seedlings in semi-natural grassland turf. In: Gianinazzi-Pearson V, Gianinazzi S, eds. Proceedings of the 1st European Smposium on Mycorrhizae. Paris, France: INRA, 233–237. .
- 2005. Phosphate uptake, transport and transfer by the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices is stimulated by increased carbohydrate availability. New Phytologist 165: 899–912. , .
- 2004. Mycorrhizae transfer carbon from a native grass to an invasive weed: evidence from stable isotopes and physiology. Plant Ecology 172: 133–141. , , .
- 2007. Enzymatic evidence for the key role of arginine in nitrogen translocation by arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi. Plant Physiology 144: 782–792. , , , , , , .
- 2002. Soil phosphorus heterogeneity and mycorrhizal symbiosis regulate plant intra-specific competition and size distribution. Oecologia 133: 54–61. , .
- 2012. Carbon availability triggers fungal nitrogen uptake and transport in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 109: 2666–2671. , , , , , , , .
- 1995. Mutualism and antagonism in the mycorrhizal symbiosis, with special reference to impacts on plant community structure. Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 1301–1309. , .
- 1980. Evaluation of techniques for measuring vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal infection in roots. New Phytologist 84: 489–500. , .
- 2004. Patterns of below-ground plant interconnections established by means of arbuscular mycorrhizal networks. New Phytologist 164: 175–181. , , , .
- 2005. Nitrogen transfer in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Nature 435: 819–823. , , , , , , , , .
- 1987. Floristic diversity in a model system using experimental microcosms. Nature 328: 420–422. , , , .
- 2013. The interplay between P uptake pathways in mycorrhizal peas: a combined physiological and gene-silencing approach. Physiologia Plantarum. doi: 10.1111/ppl.12030. , , , , , .
- 2004. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as support systems for seedling establishment in grassland. Ecology Letters 7: 293–303. .
- 2009. Socialism in soil? The importance of mycorrhizal fungal networks for facilitation in natural ecosystems. Journal of Ecology 97: 1139–1150. , .
- 2001. An arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus accelerates decomposition and acquires nitrogen directly from organic material. Nature 413: 297–299. , , .
- 2004. Hyphal fusion to plant species connections – giant mycelia and community nutrient flow. New Phytologist 164: 4–7. .
- 1992. External hyphae of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Trifolium subterraneum. 1: spread of hyphae and phosphorus inflow into roots. New Phytologist 120: 371–380. , , .
- 1982. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza and growth in barley: effects of irradiation and heating of soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 14: 171–178. , .
- 2002. Function and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizae in carbon and mineral nutrition. In: vanderHeijden MGA, Sanders IR, eds. Mycorrhizal ecology. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 75–92. , , .
- 2013. Arbuscular-mycorrhizal networks inhibit Eucalyptus tetrodonta seedlings in rain forest soil microcosms. PLoS ONE 8: e57716. , , , .
- 2011. Extraradical mycelium of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi radiating from large plants depresses the growth of nearby seedlings in a nutrient deficient substrate. Mycorrhiza 21: 641–650. , , , , .
- 2003. Long-distance transport of P and Zn through the hyphae of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus in symbiosis with maize. Agronomie 23: 481–488. , , .
- 2007. Phosphate in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis: transport properties and regulatory roles. Plant, Cell & Environment 30: 310–322. , , .
- 1992. Hyphal transport of 15N-labelled nitrogen by a vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus and its effect on depletion of inorganic soil N. New Phytologist 122: 281–288. , , .
- 1996. Transfer of N and P from intact or decomposing roots of pea to barley interconnected by an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 28: 73–81. , .
- 2011. Reciprocal rewards stabilize cooperation in the mycorrhizal symbiosis. Science 333: 880–882. , , , , , , , , , et al.
- 1996. The vegetation N:P ratio: a new tool to detect the nature of nutrient limitation. Journal of Applied Ecology 33: 1441–1450. , .
- 1982. Quantification of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in plant roots. In: Schenck NC, ed. Methods and principles of mycorrhizal research. St. Paul, MN, USA: The American Phytopathological Society, 37–45. , .
- 2003. A test of mutual aid in common mycorrhizal networks: established vegetation negates benefit in seedlings. Ecology 84: 898–906. , , .
- 2009. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi can transfer substantial amounts of nitrogen to their host plant from organic material. New Phytologist 181: 199–207. , , .
- 2010. Plants as resource islands and storage units – adopting the mycocentric view of arbuscular mycorrhizal networks. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 74: 336–345. , , .
- 1999. Mycorrhizae indirectly enhance competitive effects of an invasive forb on a native bunchgrass. Ecology 80: 1180–1186. , , .
- 2008. Underground resource allocation between individual networks of mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 180: 890–898. , , .
- 1996. Effect of arbuscular mycorrhiza on inter- and intraspecific competition of two grassland species. Oecologia 108: 79–84. , .
- 1998. Can arbuscular mycorrhiza change the effect of root competition between conspecific plants of different ages? Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 613–619. , .
- 2010. Arbuscular mycorrhizae and plant–plant interactions: impact of invisible world on visible patterns. In: Pugnaire FI, ed. Positive interactions and plant community dynamics. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 79–98. , .
- 1962. A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural water. Analytica Chimica Acta 27: 31–36. , .
- 2009. Mycorrhizal phosphate uptake pathway in tomato is phosphorus-repressible and transcriptionally regulated. New Phytologist 181: 950–959. , , , , .
- 2007. Carbon allocation in mycelia of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi during colonisation of plant seedlings. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 39: 1450–1458. , .
- 1988. Mycorrhizal links between plants – their functioning and ecological significance. Advances in Ecological Research 18: 243–270. .
- 1986. Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal infection of host and nonhost plants - effect on the growth-responses of the plants and competition between them. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 18: 607–610. .
- 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA. Circular No. 939. , , , .
- 2002. Foraging and resource allocation strategies of mycorrhizal fungi in a patchy environment. In: van der Heijden MGA, Sanders IR, eds. Mycorrhizal Ecology. Berlin, Germany: Springer, 93–116. , , .
- 2004. The fungus does not transfer carbon to or between roots in an arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. New Phytologist 163: 617–627. , , , , .
- 2007. Defoliation changes mycorrhizal benefit and competitive interactions between seedlings and adult plants. Journal of Ecology 95: 639–647. , .
- R Core Team. 2012 R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
- 1988. The effects and implications of disturbance of mycorrhizal mycelial systems. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Section B-Biological Sciences 94: 13–24. , .
- 1976. Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza in natural vegetation systems. 1. Occurrence of infection. New Phytologist 77: 641–653. , , .
- 1995. Size and reproductive inequality in mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal populations of Abutilon theophrasti. Journal of Ecology 83: 613–620. , .
- 2008. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Cambridge, UK: Academic Press. , .
- 2003. Mycorrhizal fungi can dominate phosphate supply to plants irrespective of growth responses. Plant Physiology 133: 16–20. , , .
- 2005. Nitrogen delivery to maize via mycorrhizal hyphae depends on the form of N supplied. Plant, Cell & Environment 28: 1247–1254. , .
- 2011. Traits related to differences in function among three arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Plant and Soil 339: 231–245. , , , , .
- 1998. A modified procedure for staining arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in roots. Zeitschrift Fur Pflanzenernahrung und Bodenkunde 161: 601–602. , .
- 2008. Absence of carbon transfer between Medicago truncatula plants linked by a mycorrhizal network, demonstrated in an experimental microcosm. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 65: 350–360. , , , , .
- 1990. Asymmetric competition in plant-populations. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 5: 360–364. .
- 2013. Common mycorrhizal networks amplify size inequality in Andropogon gerardii monocultures. New Phytologist 198: 203–213. , .