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Fig. S1 Extended night series depletes starch levels in wild-type (WT) Nicotiana attenuata plants, and only a severe decrease in net carbon gain attenuates the oral secretion (OS)-elicited jasmonic acid-isoleucine (JA-Ile) burst in WT plants.

Fig. S2 Impaired herbivore resistance in RuBPCase activase (RCA)-silenced plants could not be attributed to the lower isoleucine (Ile) pools at the wound site.

Fig. S3 Increased methyl jasmonate (MeJA) level in RuBPCase activase (RCA)-silenced plants does not result from impaired demethylation activity.

Fig. S4 An overview of the consequences of herbivory and RuBPCase activase (RCA)'s novel role in the attenuation of Nicotiana attenuata's defense responses.