Arctic canopy photosynthetic efficiency enhanced under diffuse light, linked to a reduction in the fraction of the canopy in deep shade
Article first published online: 4 MAR 2014
© 2014 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2014 New Phytologist Trust
Volume 202, Issue 4, pages 1267–1276, June 2014
How to Cite
Williams, M., Rastetter, E. B., Van der Pol, L. and Shaver, G. R. (2014), Arctic canopy photosynthetic efficiency enhanced under diffuse light, linked to a reduction in the fraction of the canopy in deep shade. New Phytologist, 202: 1267–1276. doi: 10.1111/nph.12750
- Issue published online: 8 MAY 2014
- Article first published online: 4 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 FEB 2014
- Manuscript Received: 17 NOV 2013
- LTER. Grant Number: DEB-1026843
- ITEX. Grant Number: OPP-0807639
- diffuse fraction;
- gross primary production;
- light-use efficiency;
- net ecosystem exchange of CO2;
- primary production;
- quantum yield;
- sky conditions
- We investigated how radiation conditions within a tundra canopy were linked to canopy photosynthesis, and how this linkage explained photosynthetic sensitivity to sky conditions, that is total radiation and its diffuse fraction.
- We measured within canopy radiation at leaf scales and net CO2 exchanges at canopy scales, under varied total irradiance and diffuse fraction, in Alaskan shrub tundra.
- Normalised mean radiation profiles within canopies showed no significant differences with varied diffuse fractions. However, radiation density distribution was non-normal, being more unimodal under diffuse conditions and distinctly bimodal under direct sunlight. There was a nearly three-fold increase in the proportion of the canopy in deep shade under direct illumination, compared to diffuse conditions. Under diffuse conditions the canopy had higher light-use efficiency (LUE), resulting in up to 17% greater photosynthesis.
- The enhancement in LUE under diffuse illumination was not related to differences in the mean light profiles, but instead was due to significant shifts in the density distribution of light at leaf scales, in particular a reduced fraction of the canopy in deep shade under diffuse illumination. These results provide unique information for testing radiative transfer schemes in canopy models, and for better understanding canopy structure and trait variation within plant canopies.