These authors contributed equally to the work.
A nonRD receptor-like kinase prevents nodule early senescence and defense-like reactions during symbiosis
Article first published online: 11 JUN 2014
© 2014 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2014 New Phytologist Trust
Volume 203, Issue 4, pages 1305–1314, September 2014
How to Cite
Berrabah, F., Bourcy, M., Eschstruth, A., Cayrel, A., Guefrachi, I., Mergaert, P., Wen, J., Jean, V., Mysore, K. S., Gourion, B. and Ratet, P. (2014), A nonRD receptor-like kinase prevents nodule early senescence and defense-like reactions during symbiosis. New Phytologist, 203: 1305–1314. doi: 10.1111/nph.12881
- Issue published online: 31 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 11 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 APR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 17 MAR 2014
- Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
- Agence Nationale de la Recherche
- French Ministry of Research
- French National Research Agency. Grant Numbers: ANR-10-LABX-0040-SPS, ANR-11-IDEX-0003-02
- Conseil Général de l'Essonne
- Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation
- National Science Foundation. Grant Number: DBI 0703285
- chronic infection;
- defense reactions;
- intracellular infection;
- nitrogen fixation;
- Rhizobia and legumes establish symbiotic interactions leading to the production of root nodules, in which bacteria fix atmospheric nitrogen for the plant's benefit. This symbiosis is efficient because of the high rhizobia population within nodules. Here, we investigated how legumes accommodate such bacterial colonization.
- We used a reverse genetic approach to identify a Medicago truncatula gene, SymCRK, which encodes a cysteine-rich receptor-like kinase that is required for rhizobia maintenance within the plant cells, and performed detailed phenotypic analyses of the corresponding mutant.
- The Medicago truncatula symCRK mutant developed nonfunctional and necrotic nodules. A nonarginine asparate (nonRD) motif, typical of receptors involved in innate immunity, is present in the SymCRK kinase domain. Similar to the dnf2 mutant, bacteroid differentiation defect, defense-like reactions and early senescence were observed in the symCRK nodules. However, the dnf2 and symCRK nodules differ by their degree of colonization, which is higher in symCRK. Furthermore, in contrast to dnf2, symCRK is not a conditional mutant.
- These results suggest that in M. truncatula at least two genes are involved in the symbiotic control of immunity. Furthermore, phenotype differences between the two mutants suggest that two distinct molecular mechanisms control suppression of plant immunity during nodulation.