The causes and molecular consequences of polyploidy in flowering plants
Article first published online: 5 JUN 2014
© 2014 New York Academy of Sciences.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Volume 1320, The Year in Evolutionary Biology pages 16–34, July 2014
How to Cite
Moghe, G. D. and Shiu, S.-H. (2014), The causes and molecular consequences of polyploidy in flowering plants. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1320: 16–34. doi: 10.1111/nyas.12466
- Issue published online: 17 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 5 JUN 2014
- National Science Foundation. Grant Numbers: DEB-0919452, IOS-1126998
- whole-genome duplication;
- expression divergence;
- molecular consequences of polyploidy
Polyploidy is an important force shaping plant genomes. All flowering plants are descendants of an ancestral polyploid species, and up to 70% of extant vascular plant species are believed to be recent polyploids. Over the past century, a significant body of knowledge has accumulated regarding the prevalence and ecology of polyploid plants. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the causes and molecular consequences of polyploidization in angiosperms. We also provide a discussion on the relationships between polyploidy and adaptation and suggest areas where further research may provide a better understanding of polyploidy.