Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Cover image for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

March 1973

Volume 208 Successful Women in the Sciences: An Analysis of Determinants

Pages 3–255

    1. Opening Remarks (page 3)

      Ruth B. Kundsin

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30810.x

  1. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. ARCHITECT (pages 4–10)

      Gretchen Minnhaar

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30811.x

    1. CRYSTALLOGRAPHER (pages 11–14)

      Isabella L. Karle

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30812.x

    2. MATHEMATICIAN (pages 15–16)

      Marian Boykan Pour-El

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30813.x

    3. ELECTRICAL ENGINEER (pages 17–22)

      Mildred S. Dresselhaus

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30814.x

    4. PHYSICIST (pages 23–28)

      Betsy Ancker-Johnson

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30815.x

    5. EDUCATOR (pages 29–31)

      Millicent C. McIntosh

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30816.x

    6. HORTICULTURIST (pages 32–36)

      Ernesta Drinker Ballard

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30817.x

    7. PEDIATRICIAN (pages 37–40)

      Gertrude T. Hunter

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30818.x

    8. METEOROLOGIST (pages 41–46)

      Joanne Simpson

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30819.x

    9. PHYSICIAN AND PUBLIC HEALTH EDUCATOR (pages 47–51)

      Mary S. Calderone

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30820.x

    10. CHEMIST AND “ECO-FREAK” (pages 52–56)

      Ruth Weiner

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30821.x

    11. CONSUMER SPECIALIST (pages 57–59)

      Esther Peterson

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30822.x

  2. DISCUSSION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. DISCUSSION (pages 60–61)

      Wilma Scott Heide

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30823.x

  3. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. THE KENYAN CAREER WOMAN: TRADITIONAL AND MODERN (pages 71–75)

      Beatrice B. Whiting

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30825.x

    1. FAMILY CONSTRAINTS ON WOMEN'S WORK (pages 82–90)

      Lotte Bailyn

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30827.x

    2. FATHERS AND AUTONOMY IN WOMEN (pages 91–97)

      Marjorie M. Lozoff

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30828.x

    3. SUMMARY (pages 98–106)

      Iolanda E. Low

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30829.x

  4. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. EARLY CHILDHOOD INFLUENCES (pages 107–108)

      Jacqueline Melton Scott

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30830.x

    1. SEXUAL STEREOTYPES AND THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS (pages 109–114)

      Florence Howe

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30831.x

    2. COLLEGE: WHEN THE FUTURE BECOMES THE PRESENT (pages 115–123)

      Dorothy Zinberg

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30832.x

    3. CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF EXISTING PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIERS TO SELF-ACTUALIZATION (pages 124–130)

      Matina S. Homer and Mary R. Walsh

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30833.x

  5. SUMMARY

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. SUMMARY (pages 131–133)

      Mary G. Ampola

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30834.x

  6. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. WOMEN IN SCIENCE: DEFINITIONS AND DATA FOR ECONOMIC ANALYSIS (pages 134–142)

      Carolyn Shaw Bell

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30835.x

    1. WOMEN IN SCIENCE: EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS AND ACADEMIC POLICIES (pages 143–153)

      Hilda Kahne

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30836.x

    2. THE ECONOMICS OF WOMEN'S LIBERATION (pages 154–160)

      Barbara R. Bergmann

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30837.x

    3. WOMEN AND EMPLOYERS: THEIR RELATED NEEDS AND ATTITUDES (pages 161–165)

      Felice N. Schwartz

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30838.x

  7. SUMMARY

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. SUMMARY (pages 166–169)

      Loretta McLaughlin

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30839.x

  8. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. MAKING IT: MARGINALITY AND OBSTACLES TO MINORITY CONSCIOUSNESS (pages 179–184)

      Arlie Hochschild

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30841.x

    2. PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS (pages 185–193)

      Jane V. Anderson

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30842.x

    3. EDUCATION: A NURTURANT IF NOT A DETERMINANT OF PROFESSIONAL SUCCESS (pages 194–199)

      Mary I. Bunting

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30843.x

  9. DISCUSSION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. DISCUSSION (pages 200–204)

      Jo-Ann Evans Gardner

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30844.x

  10. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. THE PROFESSIONAL WOMAN AS MOTHER (pages 211–217)

      Lois Wladis Hoffman

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30846.x

    2. MARRIAGE WITH A SUCCESSFUL WOMAN: A PERSONAL VIEWPOINT (pages 218–226)

      Shepard G. Aronson

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30847.x

    3. WOMEN IN ACADEMIC LIFE (pages 227–236)

      Patricia Albjerg Graham

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30848.x

    4. SEX HORMONES AND EXECUTIVE ABILITY (pages 237–245)

      Estelle R. Ramey

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30849.x

  11. DISCUSSION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I. INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    3. DISCUSSION
    4. PART II. FAMILY ATTITUDES AND RELATIONSHIPS
    5. PART III. IMPACT OF EDUCATION
    6. SUMMARY
    7. PART IV. ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS
    8. SUMMARY
    9. PART V. DETERMINANTS IN INDIVIDUAL LIFE EXPERIENCES
    10. DISCUSSION
    11. PART VI. SIGNIFICANT RELATED PROBLEMS OF PROFESSIONAL WOMEN
    12. DISCUSSION
    1. DISCUSSION (pages 246–254)

      Rosa Lee Nemir

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30850.x

    1. CONCLUDING REMARKS (page 255)

      Ruth B. Kundsin

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1973.tb30851.x

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