Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Cover image for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

February 1977

Volume 283 The Behavior of Blood and its Components at Interfaces

Pages 1–560

    1. OPENING REMARKS (page 1)

      Leo Vroman

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41747.x

  1. Part I. Overview

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. BLOOD AND BIOMATERIALS: A GLIMPSE AT THE ELEPHANT (pages 2–5)

      Theodore H. Spaet

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41748.x

    2. THE ORGANIZATION OF BLOOD COMPONENTS NEAR INTERFACES (pages 17–36)

      Robert E. Baier

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41750.x

  2. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. BLOOD ELEMENTS AT FOREIGN SURFACES: A BIOCHEMICAL APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF THE ADSORPTION OF PLASMA PROTEINS (pages 37–49)

      Shaul Kochwa, Robert S. Litwak, Richard E. Rosenfield and Edward F. Leonard

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41751.x

    2. REACTIONS OF FORMED ELEMENTS OF BLOOD WITH PLASMA PROTEINS AT INTERFACES (pages 65–76)

      Leo Vroman, Ann L. Adams, Madeleine Klings, Gena C. Fischer, Priscilla C. Munoz and Regina P. Solensky

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41753.x

    3. ELLIPSOMETRIC STUDY OF PROTEIN FILM ON CHROMIUM (pages 77–85)

      P. A. Cuypers, W. T. Hermens and H. C. Hemker

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41754.x

    4. DISCUSSION (pages 86–87)

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41755.x

  3. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. COAGULATION FACTORS AND THE ROLE OF SURFACE IN THEIR ACTIVATION (pages 88–92)

      Oscar D. Ratnoff and Hidehiko Saito

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41756.x

    2. REQUIREMENTS FOR CONTACT ACTIVATION OF HUMAN HAGEMAN FACTOR (pages 93–103)

      Henry L. Meier, Cheryl F. Scott, Robert Mandle Jr., Marion E. Webster, Jack V. Pierce, Robert W. Colman and Allen P. Kaplan

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41757.x

    3. BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS AT PHOSPHOLIPID SURFACES (pages 104–110)

      H. C. Hemker, M. J. Lindhout and C. Vermeer

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41758.x

    4. DISCUSSION (pages 111–113)

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41759.x

  4. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. SURFACE-INDUCED PLATELET ADHESION, AGGREGATION, AND RELEASE (pages 114–126)

      E. W. Salzman, J. Lindon, D. Brier and E. W. Merrill

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41760.x

    2. REACTIONS OF PLATELETS NEAR SURFACES IN VITRO: LESSONS FROM THE PLATELET RETENTION TEST (pages 128–137)

      Marjorie B. Zucker and Jean McPherson

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41761.x

    3. PLATELET FUNCTION FOLLOWING SURFACE INJURY AND SHEAR STRESS: ADHESION, AGGREGATION, RELEASE, AND FACTOR 3 ACTIVITY (pages 138–158)

      Eugene F. Bernstein, Ulla Marzec, Michael D. Clayman, Sherri Swanson and G. Gilbert Johnston

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41762.x

    4. DISCUSSION (pages 175–178)

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41764.x

  5. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. THE ADHESION OF LEUKOCYTES, ERYTHROCYTES, AND NONCELLULAR MATERIAL TO THE LUMINAL SURFACE OF NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL BLOOD VESSELS IN VIVO (pages 179–207)

      Gwendolyn J. Stewart, Peter R. Lynch, Frederick A. Reichle, William G. M. Ritchie, Allen Smith and Robert G. Schaub

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41765.x

    2. PROCOAGULANT ACTIVITY OF LEUKOCYTES (pages 208–217)

      J. Niemetz, T. Muhlfelder, M. E. Chierego and B. Troy

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41766.x

    3. CONTRACTILE PROTEINS IN PLATELET ACTIVATION AND CONTRACTION (pages 218–236)

      Thomas D. Pollard, Keigi Fujiwara, Robert Handin and Gary Weiss

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41767.x

    4. DISCUSSION (pages 237–239)

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41768.x

  6. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. INTRODUCTION (page 240)

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41769.x

    2. MICROSCOPIC CONSIDERATIONS: THE MOTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL PARTICLES (pages 241–255)

      Harry L. Goldsmith and Takeshi Karino

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41770.x

    3. BLOOD ELEMENTS AT FOREIGN SURFACES: ANALYSIS OF INHOMOGENEITIES IN ADSORBED LAYERS OF PROTEINS AND PLATELETS (pages 256–269)

      Edward F. Leonard, Yves Butrille, Saul Puszkin and Shaul Kochwa

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41771.x

    4. FLUID DYNAMIC FACTORS AFFECTING PARTICLE CAPTURE AND RETENTION (pages 270–279)

      Perry L. Blackshear Jr., Kenneth W. Bartelt and Richard J. Forstrom

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41772.x

    5. DISCUSSION (pages 280–281)

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41773.x

  7. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. INTRODUCTION (pages 282–283)

      Alfred L. Copley

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41774.x

    2. PHYSICAL FACTORS INFLUENCING PLATELET DEPOSITION ON SUBENDOTHELIUM: IMPORTANCE OF BLOOD SHEAR RATE (pages 284–292)

      Vincent T. Turitto, Reto Muggli and Hans R. Baumgartner

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41775.x

    3. INTERACTION OF PLATELETS WITH SUBENDOTHELIUM: A NEW METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING AND CLASSIFYING ABNORMALITIES OF PLATELET FUNCTION (pages 293–309)

      Harvey J. Weiss, Hans R. Baumgartner, Thomas B. Tschopp and Vincent T. Turitto

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41776.x

    4. FACTORS GOVERNING THE HEALING RESPONSE OF INJURED ARTERIES (pages 310–316)

      Michael B. Stemerman

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41777.x

    5. PLATELET KINETIC EVALUATION OF PROSTHETIC MATERIAL IN VIVO (pages 317–328)

      Laurence A. Harker, Stephen R. Hanson and Allan S. Hoffman

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41778.x

    6. DISCUSSION (pages 330–331)

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41779.x

  8. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. INTERACTIONS OF BLOOD AND BLOOD COMPONENTS AT HYDROGEL INTERFACES (pages 372–382)

      Allan S. Hoffman, Thomas A. Horbett and Buddy D. Ratner

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41782.x

    2. CARBON IN PROSTHETICS (pages 383–395)

      Axel Haubold

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41783.x

    3. MATERIALS WITH CHEMICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTITUENTS (pages 396–403)

      Richard D. Falb, R. I. Leininger and James P. Crowley

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41784.x

    4. HEPARINIZED SURFACES—A COMMENT (pages 404–409)

      Robert D. Rosenberg and Lun H. Lam

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41785.x

    5. PERMEABLE SURFACES (pages 410–418)

      John M. Ketteringham and Terrence J. Driscoll

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41786.x

    6. CELL-LINED, NONWOVEN MICROFIBER SCAFFOLDS AS A BLOOD INTERFACE (pages 419–437)

      William E. Burkel and Raymond H. Kahn

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41787.x

    7. DISCUSSION (pages 438–442)

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41788.x

  9. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. BLOOD ELEMENTS AT FOREIGN SURFACES: IN VITRO EVALUATION OF BIOMATERIALS IN A SPINNING DISC APPARATUS (pages 457–472)

      Shaul Kochwa, Robert S. Litwak, Richard E. Rosenfield and Edward F. Leonard

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41790.x

    2. IN VITRO EVALUATION SYSTEMS: A BIOLOGICAL APPROACH (pages 473–476)

      Leo Vroman

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41791.x

  10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. A TECHNIQUE FOR THE ELUCIDATION OF VIRCHOW'S TRIAD (pages 477–493)

      William A. Morton and Robert D. Cumming

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41792.x

    2. AN EX VIVO METHOD FOR THE EVALUATION OF BIOMATERIALS IN CONTACT WITH BLOOD (pages 494–521)

      Jerome S. Schultz, Joe D. Goddard, Arthur Ciarkowski, John A. Penner and S. Martin Lindenauer

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41793.x

    3. AN INSTRUMENTAL APPROACH TO IN VIVO HEMOCOMPATIBILITY ASSESSMENT: DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTRAVASCULAR MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OF A TEST DEVICE (pages 524–535)

      D. M. Lederman, R. D. Cumming, H. E. Petschek, T.-H. Chiu, E. Nyilas and E. W. Salzman

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41794.x

    4. IN VIVO EVALUATION OF PROSTHETIC SURFACES (pages 536–541)

      Philip N. Sawyer and Boguslaw Stanczewski

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41795.x

    5. EVALUATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTERFACES WITH IN VIVO SYSTEMS (pages 542–549)

      Robert S. Litwak, George Silvay, Howard Shiang and Edward F. Leonard

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41796.x

    6. DISCUSSION (pages 550–552)

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41797.x

  11. Part X. Summary

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Overview
    3. Part II. Adsorption and Reaction of Blood Proteins at Interfaces
    4. Part III. Interface-Introduced Coagulation Reactions
    5. Part IV. Platelet-Interface Reaction
    6. Part V. Interfacial Reactions of Bed and White Cells
    7. Part VI. Transport to and From the Blood-Material Interface
    8. Part VII. Blood and the Blood Vessel Wall
    9. Part VIII. the Comparison and Classification of Materials
    10. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: A. in Vitro Evaluation
    11. Part IX. Evaluation of Artificial Interfaces: B. Ex Vivo
    12. Part X. Summary
    1. A PHYSICAL SCIENTIST'S VIEW (pages 553–556)

      A. Silberberg

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41798.x

    2. A BIOLOGIST'S VIEW (pages 557–558)

      Leo Vroman

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41799.x

    3. A CLINICIAN'S VIEW (pages 559–560)

      Edwin W. Salzman

      Version of Record online: 16 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb41800.x

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