Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Cover image for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

October 1988

Volume 541 In Vitro Fertilization and Other Assisted Reproduction

Pages xiii–xviii, 1–772

    1. Preface (page xiii)

      HOWARD W. JONES JR.

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22232.x

    2. Citation for M. C. Chang (pages xiv–xv)

      CHARLES THIBAULT

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22233.x

    3. Presentation of the Award of Scientific Merit. (page xvi)

      DO WON HAHN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22234.x

    4. Acceptance of the Award of Scientific Merit (pages xvii–xviii)

      M. C. CHANG

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22235.x

  1. PART I: OVERVIEW

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Pregnancy Outcomes after in Vitro Fertilization : A Collaborative Study on 2342 Pregnancies (pages 1–6)

      J. COHEN, M. J. MAYAUX and M. L. GUIHARD-MOSCATO

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22236.x

    2. The Australian Register: Current Research and Future Role : A Preliminary Report (pages 7–21)

      D. M. SAUNDERS, M. MATHEWS and P. A. L. LANCASTER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22237.x

  2. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Studies on the Mechanism of Ovulation Using the Model of the Isolated Ovary (pages 22–29)

      PER O. JANSON, MATS BRÄNNSTRÖM, PAUL V. HOLMES and JAN SOGN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22238.x

    2. Improvements in Ovarian Stimulation for in Vitro Fertilization (pages 30–36)

      R. FRYDMAN, R.G. FORMAN, J. BELAISCH-ALLART, A. HAZOUT, J.D. RAINHORN, N. FRIES and J. TESTARTb

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22239.x

    3. Protocols for Induction of Ovulation The Concept of Programmed Cycles (pages 37–45)

      SHLOMO MASHIACH, JEHOSHUA DOR, MORDECHAI GOLDENBERG, JOSEPH SHALEV, JOSEF BLANKSTEIN, EDWINA RUDAK, ZEEV SHOAM, ZVI FINELT, LASLO NEBEL, BOLESLAW GOLDMAN and ZION BEN-RAFAEL

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22240.x

    4. Improved Oocyte Quality through Improved Ovulation Induction Regimen : IMPROVED OVULATION INDUCTION (pages 46–59)

      ANTONIO PELLICER, MARY L. POLAN and ALAN H. De CHERNEY

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22241.x

    5. Luteinizing-Hormone-Releasing Hormone Agonist Treatment in Patients with Previously Failed Folliculogenesis during in Vitro Fertilization Therapy (pages 60–74)

      VIVIEN MacLACHLAN, MANDY BESANKO, HEIDI WADE, LYNN MORROW, FIONA O'SHEA, ALAN TROUNSON and DAVID HEALY

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22242.x

    6. The Use of a GnRH Analogue for Ovulation Induction for Tubal Gamete Transfer (pages 75–81)

      M. AH-MOYE, P. BRINSDEN, P. LEWIS, E. SIMONS, J. HANSEN, D. ROBERTSON, P. SERHAL, E. FINCHAM, W. SMITH and I. CRAFT

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22243.x

    7. Stimulation Protocols for Patients with “Atypical Response” (pages 82–95)

      SUHEIL J. MUASHER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22244.x

    8. Short-term Utilization of a Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonist (Buserelin) for Induction of Ovulation in an in Vitro Fertilization Program (pages 96–102)

      ERNEST LOUMAYE, SERGE DE COOMAN, MATHIEU ANOMA, IVES PSALTI, SUZY DEPREESTER, MONIQUE SCHMIT and KARL THOMAS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22245.x

    9. Oocyte Retrieval under the Guidance of a Vaginal Transducer (pages 103–110)

      MATTS WIKLAND, LENNART ENK, KARIN HAMMARBERG, LARS NILSSON and LARS HAMBERGER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22246.x

    10. The Transvaginal Method for Oocyte Retrieval An Update on Our Experience (1984-1987) : TRANSVAGINAL OOCYTE RETRIEVAL (pages 111–124)

      P. DELLENBACH, I. NISAND, L. MOREAU, J. L. DURAND, M. ROUARD, A. FORRLER and P. GERLINGER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22247.x

    11. New aspects of vaginal ultrasound in an in vitro fertilization program (pages 125–133)

      WILFRIED FEICHTINGER, MICHAEL PUTZ and PETER KEMETER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22248.x

    12. Patients’Experience of Transvaginal Follicle Aspiration under Local Anesthesia (pages 134–137)

      K. HAMMARBERG, M. WIKLAND, L. NILSSON and L. ENK

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22249.x

    13. Four Years of Experience with Ultrasound-Guided Follicle Aspiration (pages 138–142)

      W. FEICHTINGER, M. PUTZ and P. KEMETER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22250.x

  3. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Inhibins and activins : Structures and Radioimmunoassays (pages 143–152)

      SHAO-YAO YING, NICHOLAS LING and ROGER GUILLEMIN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22251.x

    2. Inhibin Levels in Gonadotropin-Treated Cycles (pages 153–161)

      D.T. BAIRD, C.G. TSONIS, I.E. MESSINIS, A.A. TEMPLETON and A.S. McNEILLY

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22252.x

    3. Inhibin: Circulating Levels in Women during Ovulation Induction and Detection in Human Placenta by Specific Radioimmunoassay (pages 162–178)

      DAVID L. HEALY, ROBERT I. McLACHLAN, DAVID M. ROBERTSON, DAVID M. De KRETSER and HENRY G. BURGER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22253.x

    4. The Ovarian Prorenin-Angiotensin System : Lessons from IVF (pages 179–189)

      JOSEPH ITSKOVITZ, JEAN E. SEALEY, NICOLA GLORIOSO, JOHN H. LARAGH and ZEV ROSENWAKS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22254.x

  4. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Factors Affecting the Developmental Capacity of Mouse Oocytes Undergoing Maturation in Vitro (pages 197–204)

      ALLEN C. SCHROEDER, STEPHEN M. DOWNS and JOHN J. EPPIG

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22256.x

    2. Growth and Development of Mouse Oocytes in Vitro (pages 205–210)

      JOHN J. EPPIG, SUSAN A. J. DANIEL and ALLEN C. SCHROEDER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22257.x

    3. Regulation of Oocyte Maturation : The Role of camp (pages 211–216)

      NAVA DEKEL

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22258.x

    4. Role of Protein Phosphorylation in Meiotic Maturation of Mouse Oocytes in Vitro (pages 217–227)

      RICHARD M. SCHULTZ

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22259.x

    5. Protein Synthetic Patterns in Immature and Mature Human Oocytes (pages 237–247)

      GILBERT A. SCHULTZ, D. J. GIFFORD, M. M. MAHADEVAN, J. A. FLEETHAM and P. J. TAYLOR

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22261.x

  5. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Regulation of the Meiotic Cycle in Oocytes of Domestic Mammals (pages 248–258)

      R. M. MOOR

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22262.x

    2. Oocyte Assessment and Biological Performance (pages 259–274)

      LUCINDA L. VEECK

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22263.x

  6. PART VI: MALE FACTOR

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. The Role of Epididymal Factors in Human Sperm Fertilizing Ability (pages 292–296)

      J. A. BLAQUIER, M. S. CAMEO, P. S. CUASNICU, M. F. GONZALEZ ECHEVERRIA, L. PINUEIRO and J. G. TEZON

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22266.x

    2. The Role of in Vitro Fertilization in Male Infertility (pages 297–309)

      A. ACOSTA, T. KRUGER, R. J. SWANSON, K. F. SIMMONS, S. OEHNINGER, L. L. VEECK, D. HAGUE, P. PLEBAN, M. MORSHEDI and S. ACKERMAN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22267.x

    3. Methods Used to Improve Gamete Efficiency (pages 310–316)

      RICHARD P. MARRS, PAULO C. SERAFINI, JOHN F. KERIN, J. BATZOFIN, BRONTE A. STONE, JODY BROWN, LYNETTE WILSON and PATRICK QUINN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22268.x

  7. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. The Effects of Antibody Sperm-Egg Interaction (pages 317–323)

      NANCY J. ALEXANDER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22269.x

    2. The Fertilizability of Human Oocytes at Different Stages of Meiotic Maturation (pages 324–336)

      ALEXANDER LOPATA and PETER C. LEUNG

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22270.x

    3. The biology of human sperm-zona pellucida interaction (pages 337–345)

      J. W. OVERSTREET and N. L. CROSS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22271.x

  8. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Biological Characteristics of the Preembryo (pages 346–348)

      CLIFFORD GROBSTEIN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22272.x

    2. Cytoplasmic Factors in Oocyte Maturation, Fertilization, and Early Development (pages 349–366)

      SHUETU SUZUKI, HIROKATSU KITAI, YOSHIHIRO ENDO, SHIGEAKI KURASAWA, SETSUKO KOMATSU, MIKIKO OHBA and RIHACHI IIZUKA

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22273.x

    3. Ultrastructure of Human Unfertilized Oocytes and Polyspermic Embryos in an IVF-ET Program (pages 367–383)

      PIETRO M. MOTTA, STEFANIA A. NOTTOLA, GIULIETTA MICARA and GIUSEPPE FAMILIARI

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22274.x

    4. Chromosomal Analysis of Human Oocytes and Embryos in an in Vitro Fertilization Program (pages 384–397)

      MICHELLE PLACHOT, J. DE GROUCHY, ANNEMARIE JUNCA, JACQUELINE MANDELBAUM, J. SALAT-BAROUX and J. COHEN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22275.x

    5. Embryo-Derived Platelet-Activating Factor : Its Diagnostic and Therapeutic Future (pages 398–406)

      CHRISTOPHER O'NEILL, MELANIE COLLIER and DOUGLAS M. SAUNDERS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22276.x

    6. Culture of Early-Stage Bovine Embryos inside Day-13 and Day-14 Precultured Trophoblastic Vesicles (pages 407–418)

      S. H. POOL, R. W. RORIE, R. J. PENDLETON, A. R. MENINO and R. A. GODKE

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22277.x

  9. PART IX: IMPLANTATION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Uterine Receptivity for Blastocyst Implantation (pages 424–431)

      KOJI YOSHINAGA

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22279.x

    2. Proteins of the Human Endometrium : Basic and Clinical Studies toward a Blood Test for Endometrial Function (pages 432–444)

      MARKKU SEPPÄLÄ, MERVI JULKUNEN, AARNE KOSKIMIES, TIMO LAATIKAINEN, ULF–HÅKAN STENMAN and MARJA-LIISA HUHTALA

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22280.x

    3. Human Uterine Endocrinology and the Implantation Window (pages 445–454)

      R. G. EDWARDS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22281.x

    4. Embryo Implantation in the Anterior Chamber of the Eye : Effects on Uterine Allografts and the Microvasculature (pages 455–464)

      P. A. W. ROGERS, A. M. MACPHERSON and L. A. BEATON

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22282.x

    5. The Effect of Transferring Pronuclear Embryos on Pregnancy Outcome after in Vitro Fertilization (pages 465–471)

      G. M. WARNES, P. QUINN, C. A. KIRBY, T. J. BROOM and J. F. KERIN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22283.x

  10. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Early Pregnancy Signals in Domestic Animals (pages 472–484)

      WILLIAM HANSEL and G. J. HICKEY

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22284.x

    2. Luteotropic and Luteolytic Factors Regulating Human Corpus Luteum Function (pages 485–497)

      L. HAMBERGER, M. HAHLIN, T. HILLENSJÖ, C. JOHANSON and A. SJÖGREN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22285.x

    3. Premenstrual Pregnancy Loss : A Significant Contribution to the Low Pregnancy Rates following in Vitro Fertilization (pages 498–509)

      E. A. LENTON, J. OSBORN, C. COLMAN and D. FOTHERGILL

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22286.x

    4. Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A : A Marker of Placental Function? (pages 510–513)

      M. J. SINOSICH, M. D. BONIFACIO and D. M. SAUNDERS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22287.x

  11. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Stopping Biological Time : The Freezing of Living Cells (pages 514–531)

      PETER MAZUR

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22288.x

    2. Human Embryo Freezing (pages 532–540)

      J. TESTART, B. LASSALLE, J. BELAISCH-ALLART, R. FORMAN, A. HAZOUT, N. FRIES and R. FRYDMAN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22289.x

    3. Pregnancies after Human Oocyte Cryopreservation (pages 541–549)

      CHRISTOPHER CHEN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22290.x

  12. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Cryopreservation of Immature and Mature Hamster and Human Oocytes (pages 550–561)

      J. MANDELBAUM, A. M. JUNCA, C. TIBI, M. PLACHOT, M. O. ALNOT, H. RIM, J. SALAT-BAROUX and J. COHEN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22291.x

    2. Successful in Vitro Fertilization of Frozen–Thawed Rabbit and Human Oocytes (pages 562–570)

      K. DIEDRICH, S. AL-HASANI, H. VAN DER VEN and D. KREBS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22292.x

    3. Survey on Cryopreservation (pages 571–574)

      ANDRé C. VAN STEIRTEGHEM and ETIENNE VAN DEN ABBEEL

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22293.x

    4. Factors Involved in the Success of Human Embryo Freezing : Does Cryopreservation Really Improve the IVF Results? (pages 575–582)

      A. M. JUNCA, J. MANDELBAUM, M. O. ALNOT, M. PLACHOT, J. COHEN and J. SALAT-BAROUX

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22294.x

  13. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. In Vitro Fertilization by a Routine Method and by Micromanipulation (pages 583–590)

      A. IRITANI, K. UTSUMI, M. MIYAKE, Y. HOSOI and K. SAEKI

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22295.x

    2. Microinjection of Spermatozoa into Oocytes (pages 591–600)

      L. METTLER, K. YAMADA, A. KURANTY, H. W. MICHELMANN and K. SEMM

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22296.x

    3. Fertilization in Trypsin–Treated Oocytes (pages 614–620)

      ANN A. KIESSLING, DIMITRIS LOUTRADIS, PATRICIA M. McSHANE and KATHARINE V. JACKSON

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22298.x

    4. Molecular Changes in the Human Zona Pellucida Associated with Fertilization and Human Spermzona Interactions (pages 621–632)

      ROBERT B. SHABANOWITZ and MICHAEL G. O'RAND

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22299.x

  14. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. The IVF Conceptus : Research Today and Tomorrow (pages 639–645)

      ANNE McLAREN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22301.x

  15. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Ethical Aspects of the New Reproductive Technologies (pages 646–663)

      LeROY WALTERS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22302.x

    2. The Importance of Naturalness and Conjugal Gametes (pages 664–667)

      RICHARD A. McCORMICK

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22303.x

    3. Legal Aspects of Assisted Reproduction (pages 668–678)

      LORI B. ANDREWS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22304.x

    4. Public Policy Aspects of Assisted Reproduction : Vth World Congress, IVF and Embryo Transfer (pages 679–682)

      CLIFFORD GROBSTEIN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22305.x

  16. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Factors Limiting Reproductive Efficiency in Selected Laboratory Animals (pages 683–696)

      R. H. FOOTE and E. W. CARNEY

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22306.x

    2. Reproductive Efficiency in Domestic Animals (pages 697–705)

      N. L. FIRST and W. H. EYESTONE

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22307.x

    3. Fecundability (pages 706–714)

      JOHN D. BIGGERS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22308.x

    4. The Future of in Vitro Fertilization (pages 715–721)

      E. CARL WOOD

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22309.x

  17. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION

    1. Top of page
    2. PART I: OVERVIEW
    3. PART II: RECRUITMENT AND RETRIEVAL OF OOCYTES
    4. PART III: FOLLICULAR ENVIRONMENT
    5. PART IV: IN VITRO MATURATION
    6. PART V: FOLLICLE AND EGG
    7. PART VI: MALE FACTOR
    8. PART VII: SPERM-EGG INTERACTION
    9. PART VIII: PREEMBRYO ASSESSMENT
    10. PART IX: IMPLANTATION
    11. PART X: EARLY PREGNANCY
    12. PART XI: CR YOPRESERVATION
    13. PART XI: CRYOPRESERVATION
    14. PART XII: FERTILIZATION AND MICROFERTILIZATION
    15. PART XIII: EARLY DEVELOPMENT
    16. PART XIV: ETHICS, LAW, AND POLICY
    17. PART XV: EFFICIENCY OF REPRODUCTION
    18. PART XVI: ALTERNATE ASSISTED REPRODUCTION
    1. Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer : International Cooperative Study of the First 800 Cases (pages 722–727)

      R. H. ASCH, J. P. BALMACEDA, E. CITTADINI, P. FIGUEROA CASAS, V. GOMEL, M. K. HOHL, I. JOHNSTON, J. LEETON, F. J. RODRIGUEZ ESCUDERO, U. NOSS and P. C. WONG

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22310.x

    2. Oocyte Donation : The Norfolk Program (pages 728–741)

      ZEV ROSENWAKS, DANIEL NAVOT, LUCINDA VEECK, H.-C. LIU, KENNETH STEINGOLD, DAVID KREINER, KATHLEEN DROESCH, PAUL STUMPF and SUHEIL J. MUASHER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22311.x

    3. Ovum Donation : The State of the Art (pages 742–754)

      JOSEPH G. SCHENKER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22312.x

    4. Primary Ovarian Failure : Embryo Donation after Substitution Therapy (pages 755–760)

      P. DEVROEY, J. SMITZ, A. WISANTO, P. BRAECKMANS, M. CAMUS, I. KHAN, C. STAESSEN, E. VAN DEN ABBEEL, L. VAN WAESBERGHE and A. C. VAN STEIRTEGHEM

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22313.x

    5. DIRECT INTRAPERITONEAL INSEMINATION : New Treatment for Cervical and Unexplained Infertility (pages 761–766)

      P. DELLENBACH, A. FORRLER, L. MOREAU, M. ROUARD, E. BADOC, C. CRANZ and A. CLAVERT

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22314.x

    6. Ultrasound-Guided Peritoneal Oocyte and Sperm Transfer (pages 767–772)

      VINAY SHARMA, BRIDGETT MASON and STUART CAMPBELL

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1988.tb22315.x

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