Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Cover image for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

September 1992

Volume 669 Beyond Deficiency: New Views on the Function and Health Effects of Vitamins

Pages 1–398

    1. Introduction (pages 1–6)

      LAWRENCE J. MACHLIN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17084.x

  1. Part I. Nonclassical Biochemical Functions

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Nonclassical Biochemical Functions
    3. Part II. Tissue Specificity: Localized Demands and Localized Deficiencies
    4. Part III. Environmental Stress Effects on Vitamin Needs: Air Pollutants, Drugs, and Viral Infections
    5. Part IV. Effects of Vitamins on Cardiovascular Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
    6. Part V. Influence of Vitamin Studies on Precancerous Conditions and Cancer
    7. Part VI. Poster Papers
    1. Antioxidant Functions of Vitamins : Vitamins E and C, Beta-Carotene, and Other Carotenoids (pages 7–20)

      HELMUT SIES, WILHELM STAHL and ALFRED R. SUNDQUIST

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17085.x

    2. Physiological Importance of Extrahepatic Vitamin K–Dependent Carboxylation Reactions (pages 21–31)

      C. VERMEER, M. H. J. KNAPEN, K.-S. G. JIE and D. E. GROBBEE

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17086.x

    3. Vitamin B6 : Reservoirs, Receptors, and Red-Cell Reactions (pages 34–41)

      JAMES E. LEKLEM

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17087.x

    4. Regulatory Role of Oxidized and Reduced Pteroylpolyglutamates (pages 44–57)

      CARLOS L. KRUMDIECK, ISAO ETO and JOSEPH E. BAGGOTT

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17088.x

    5. New Concepts of Vitamin D Functions (pages 59–68)

      HECTOR F. DeLUCA

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17089.x

    6. A New Pathway for Vitamin A : Understanding the Pleiotropic Effects of Retinoids (pages 70–85)

      ARTHUR A. LEVIN, LAURIE J. STURZENBECKER, SONJA KAZMER, THOMAS BOSAKOWSKI, CHRISTINE HUSELTON, GARY ALLENBY, JEFFREY SPECK, CL. KRATZEISEN, MICHAEL ROSENBERGER, ALLEN LOVEY and JOSEPH F. GRIPPO

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17090.x

  2. Part II. Tissue Specificity: Localized Demands and Localized Deficiencies

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Nonclassical Biochemical Functions
    3. Part II. Tissue Specificity: Localized Demands and Localized Deficiencies
    4. Part III. Environmental Stress Effects on Vitamin Needs: Air Pollutants, Drugs, and Viral Infections
    5. Part IV. Effects of Vitamins on Cardiovascular Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
    6. Part V. Influence of Vitamin Studies on Precancerous Conditions and Cancer
    7. Part VI. Poster Papers
    1. Localized Deficiencies of Folic Acid in Aerodigestive Tissues (pages 87–95)

      DOUGLAS C. HEIMBURGER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17091.x

    2. Role of Nutrients in Delaying Cataracts (pages 111–123)

      ALLEN TAYLOR

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17093.x

    3. Influence of Vitamins E and B6 on Immune Response (pages 125–139)

      SIMIN NIKBIN MEYDANI, MICHAEL HAYEK and LAURA COLEMAN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17094.x

  3. Part III. Environmental Stress Effects on Vitamin Needs: Air Pollutants, Drugs, and Viral Infections

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Nonclassical Biochemical Functions
    3. Part II. Tissue Specificity: Localized Demands and Localized Deficiencies
    4. Part III. Environmental Stress Effects on Vitamin Needs: Air Pollutants, Drugs, and Viral Infections
    5. Part IV. Effects of Vitamins on Cardiovascular Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
    6. Part V. Influence of Vitamin Studies on Precancerous Conditions and Cancer
    7. Part VI. Poster Papers
    1. Antioxidant Vitamins and Prevention of Lung Disease (pages 141–155)

      DANIEL B. MENZEL

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17095.x

    2. Effects of Drugs on Vitamin Needs (pages 156–163)

      DAPHNE A. ROE

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17096.x

    3. Influence of HIV Infection on Vitamin Status and Requirements (pages 165–173)

      M. K. BAUM, G. SHOR-POSNER, P. BONVEHI, I. CASSETTI, Y. LU, E. MANTERO-ATIENZA, R. S. BEACH and H. E. SAUBERLICH

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17097.x

    4. Effect of Vitamin C on Transient Increase of Bronchial Responsiveness in Conditions Affecting the Airways (pages 175–186)

      C. BUCCA, G. ROLLA and J. C. FARINA

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17098.x

    5. Measles-induced Vitamin A Deficiency (pages 188–194)

      GREGORY D. HUSSEY and MAX KLEIN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17099.x

  4. Part IV. Effects of Vitamins on Cardiovascular Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Nonclassical Biochemical Functions
    3. Part II. Tissue Specificity: Localized Demands and Localized Deficiencies
    4. Part III. Environmental Stress Effects on Vitamin Needs: Air Pollutants, Drugs, and Viral Infections
    5. Part IV. Effects of Vitamins on Cardiovascular Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
    6. Part V. Influence of Vitamin Studies on Precancerous Conditions and Cancer
    7. Part VI. Poster Papers
    1. The Effects of Vitamins B12, B6, and Folate on Blood Homocysteine Levels (pages 197–203)

      JOEL B. MASON and JOSHUA W. MILLER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17100.x

    2. Relationship of Vitamin C Status to Cholesterol and Blood Pressure (pages 205–213)

      PAUL F. JACQUES

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17101.x

    3. Ischemia: Reperfusion Injury and Restenosis after Coronary Angioplasty (pages 215–236)

      J.-W. PARK, P. BRAUN, S. MERTENS and K. W. HEINRICH

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17102.x

    4. Influence of Antioxidant Vitamins on LDL Oxidation (pages 237–247)

      I. JIALAL and S. M. GRUNDY

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17103.x

    5. Dietary Antioxidants and Cardiovascular Disease (pages 249–258)

      J. MICHAEL GAZIANO, JOANN E. MANSON, JULIE E. BURING and CHARLES H. HENNEKENS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17104.x

  5. Part V. Influence of Vitamin Studies on Precancerous Conditions and Cancer

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Nonclassical Biochemical Functions
    3. Part II. Tissue Specificity: Localized Demands and Localized Deficiencies
    4. Part III. Environmental Stress Effects on Vitamin Needs: Air Pollutants, Drugs, and Viral Infections
    5. Part IV. Effects of Vitamins on Cardiovascular Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
    6. Part V. Influence of Vitamin Studies on Precancerous Conditions and Cancer
    7. Part VI. Poster Papers
    1. Vitamin E and Cancer: Epidemiology (pages 269–279)

      PAUL KNEKT

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17106.x

    2. Vitamin C Status and Cancer : Epidemiologic Evidence of Reduced Risk (pages 280–290)

      GLADYS BLOCK

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17107.x

    3. Effect of Folate on Cervical Cancer : Synergism among Risk Factors (pages 293–299)

      C. E. BUTTERWORTH JR.

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17108.x

    4. Safety Issues Regarding the Use of Vitamin Supplements (pages 300–310)

      ADRIANNE BENDICH

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17109.x

    5. Concluding Remarks (page 313)

      C. E. BUTTERWORTH JR.

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17110.x

  6. Part VI. Poster Papers

    1. Top of page
    2. Part I. Nonclassical Biochemical Functions
    3. Part II. Tissue Specificity: Localized Demands and Localized Deficiencies
    4. Part III. Environmental Stress Effects on Vitamin Needs: Air Pollutants, Drugs, and Viral Infections
    5. Part IV. Effects of Vitamins on Cardiovascular Disease and Cardiovascular Risk Factors
    6. Part V. Influence of Vitamin Studies on Precancerous Conditions and Cancer
    7. Part VI. Poster Papers
    1. Interaction of Riboflavin with Zinc Bioavailability (pages 314–316)

      V. V. AGTE, S. A. CHIPLONKAR and M. K. GOKHALE

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17111.x

    2. Qualitative Relationship of Dietary and Plasma Carotenoids in Human Beings (pages 320–321)

      G. R. BEECHER and F. KHACHIK

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17113.x

    3. Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation Stimulates α-Tocopherol Incorporation in Erythrocyte Membranes in Adult Men (pages 322–324)

      ELLIOTT BERLIN, SAM J. BHATHENA, JOSEPH T. JUDD, PADMANABHAN P. NAIR, RENEE C. PETERS, HEMMIGE N. BHAGAVAN, RACHEL BALLARD-BARBASH and PHILIP R. TAYLOR

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17114.x

    4. Crystalloid Lysozyme Inclusions in Paneth Cells of Vitamin A–Deficient Rats (pages 332–336)

      HANS K. BIESALSKI, MARTIN J. KOCH, ECKART STOFFT, HARALD WEISER, HANS-P. DIENES and BURKARD SCHULZ-DOBRICK

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17116.x

    5. Ascorbic Acid Supplements and Blood Pressure : A Four-Week Pilot Study (pages 342–344)

      E. B. FELDMAN, S. GOLD, J. GREENE, J. MORAN, G. XU, G. G. SHULTZ, C. G. HAMES and D. S. FELDMAN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17118.x

    6. The Hematological and Electrophysiological Effects of Cobalamin : Deficiency Secondary to Vegetarian Diets (pages 345–348)

      C. GILOIS, A. S. WIERZBICKI, N. HIRANI, P. M. NORMAN, S. J. JONES, S. PONSFORD, S. M. ALANI and A. KRISS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17119.x

    7. Regulation of Steroid Hormone Metabolism Requires l-Ascorbic Acid (pages 349–351)

      R. GORALCZYK, U. K. MOSER, U. MATTER and H. WEISER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17120.x

    8. Psychological Disorders as Early Symptoms of a Mild-to-Moderate Vitamin Deficiency (pages 352–357)

      H. HESEKER, W. KÜBLER, V. PUDEL and J. WESTENHÖFFER

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17121.x

    9. Vitamin E and Skeletal Muscle Contracture in Vitro (pages 358–359)

      CHARLENE A. HON and DENNIS F. LANDERS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17122.x

    10. Plasma Folate Adequacy as Determined by Homocysteine Level (pages 360–362)

      CHARLES A. LEWIS, NONGLOK PANCHARUNITI and HOWERDE E. SAUBERLICH

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17123.x

    11. Antioxidant Response to Exercise-induced Oxidative Stress and Protection by Vitamin E (pages 363–364)

      M. MEYDANI, W. EVANS, G. HANDELMAN, R. A. FIELDING, S. N. MEYDANI, M. A. FIATARONE, J. B. BLUMBERG and J. G. CANNON

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17124.x

    12. Antioxidant Status and Free Radical–induced Oxidative Damage of Sickle Erythrocytes (pages 365–367)

      CLAYTON L. NATTA, VICKIE L. TATUM and CHING K. CHOW

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17125.x

    13. Vitamin E Inhibits the Carcinogenicity of N-Nitrosomethylbenzylamine (pages 368–370)

      OLALEKAN E. ODELEYE, CLEAMOND D. ESKELSON, SIRAJ I. MUFTI and RONALD R. WATSON

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17126.x

    14. Folate Status and Pregnancy Outcome (pages 371–373)

      K. PIETRZIK, R. PRINZ, K. REUSCH, P. BUNG, P. MALLMANN and A. CHRONIDES

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17127.x

    15. The Relation between Low-Fat Intake and Vitamin Status in a Free-living Cohort of Preschoolers (pages 374–378)

      J. S. VOBECKY, J. VOBECKY and L. MARQUIS

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17128.x

    16. Dietary Vitamin B6 and Vitamin C : Influence on Immune Response and Disease Resistance in Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) (pages 379–382)

      R. WAAGBØ, K. SANDNES, J. GLETTE, E. R. NILSEN and S. ALBREKTSEN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17129.x

    17. Ascorbic Acid Bioavailability in Humans : Ascorbic Acid in Plasma, Serum, and Urine (pages 383–386)

      YAO-HUI WANG, KULDEEP R. DHARIWAL and MARK LEVINE

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17130.x

    18. Effects of Supplemental Vitamin E on Cancer Growth and Promotion during Murine AIDS (pages 387–389)

      RONALD R. WATSON, OLALEKAN E. ODELEYE, CLEAMOND D. ESKELSON and SIRAJ I. MUFTI

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17131.x

    19. Vitamin E Prevents Side Effects of High Doses of Vitamin A in Chicks (pages 396–398)

      H. WEISER, H. P. PROBST and H. BACHMANN

      Article first published online: 17 DEC 2006 | DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb17134.x

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