Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Cover image for Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

November 2004

Volume 1033 Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient

Pages ix–xi, 1–197

  1. Frontmatter

    1. Top of page
    2. Frontmatter
    3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism
    4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics
    5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement
    6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
    7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity
    8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging
    9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection
    10. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research
  2. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism

    1. Top of page
    2. Frontmatter
    3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism
    4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics
    5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement
    6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
    7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity
    8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging
    9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection
    10. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research
  3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics

    1. Top of page
    2. Frontmatter
    3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism
    4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics
    5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement
    6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
    7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity
    8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging
    9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection
    10. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research
    1. Structure and Function of Carnitine Acyltransferases (pages 17–29)

      GERWALD JOGL, YU-SHAN HSIAO and LIANG TONG

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.002

  4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement

    1. Top of page
    2. Frontmatter
    3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism
    4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics
    5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement
    6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
    7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity
    8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging
    9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection
    10. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research
    1. Carnitine Deficiency Disorders in Children (pages 42–51)

      CHARLES A. STANLEY

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.004

    2. Carnitine Replacement in End-Stage Renal Disease and Hemodialysis (pages 52–66)

      MENOTTI CALVANI, PAOLA BENATTI, ANGELO MANCINELLI, STEFANIA D'IDDIO, VINCENZO GIORDANO, ALEARDO KOVERECH, ANTONINO AMATO and ERIC P. BRASS

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.005

  5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth

    1. Top of page
    2. Frontmatter
    3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism
    4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics
    5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement
    6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
    7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity
    8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging
    9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection
    10. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research
    1. Therapeutic Effects of l-Carnitine and Propionyl-l-carnitine on Cardiovascular Diseases: A Review (pages 79–91)

      ROBERTO FERRARI, E MERLI, G CICCHITELLI, D MELE, A FUCILI and C CECONI

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.007

    2. Carnitine and Peripheral Arterial Disease (pages 92–98)

      WILLIAM R. HIATT

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.008

  6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity

    1. Top of page
    2. Frontmatter
    3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism
    4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics
    5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement
    6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
    7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity
    8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging
    9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection
    10. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research
    1. Carnitine in Type 2 Diabetes (pages 99–107)

      GELTRUDE MINGRONE

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.009

  7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging

    1. Top of page
    2. Frontmatter
    3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism
    4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics
    5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement
    6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
    7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity
    8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging
    9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection
    10. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research
    1. Delaying the Mitochondrial Decay of Aging with Acetylcarnitine (pages 108–116)

      BRUCE N. AMES and JIANKANG LIU

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.010

  8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection

    1. Top of page
    2. Frontmatter
    3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism
    4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics
    5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement
    6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
    7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity
    8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging
    9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection
    10. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research
    1. Carnitines and Its Congeners: A Metabolic Pathway to the Regulation of Immune Response and Inflammation (pages 132–138)

      GIUSEPPE FAMULARO, CLAUDIO de SIMONE, VITO TRINCHIERI and LUCIANA MOSCA

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.012

    2. Acetyl-l-carnitine for the Treatment of HIV Lipoatrophy (pages 139–146)

      LARRY DAY, CECILIA SHIKUMA and MARIANA GERSCHENSON

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.013

  9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research

    1. Top of page
    2. Frontmatter
    3. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Session I. The Carnitine System in Human Metabolism
    4. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part I. Carnitine Physiology and Pharmacology: The Basics
    5. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part II. Carnitine Replacement
    6. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part III. Carnitine Effects on Muscle: Skeletal, Cardiac, and Smooth
    7. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity
    8. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part IV. Carnitine, Fat Metabolism, and Obesity: Session II. Carnitine and Acylcarnitines in Aging
    9. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part V. Carnitine, Immunity, and HIV Infection
    10. Carnitine: The Science Behind a Conditionally Essential Nutrient: Part VI. New Perspectives in Carnitine Research
    1. Modulatory Effects of l-Carnitine on Glucocorticoid Receptor Activity (pages 147–157)

      IRINI MANOLI, MASSIMO U. de MARTINO, TOMOSHIGE KINO and SALVATORE ALESCI

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.014

    2. Effects of Carnitine on Thyroid Hormone Action (pages 158–167)

      SALVATORE BENVENGA, ANTONINO AMATO, MENOTTI CALVANI and FRANCESCO TRIMARCHI

      Version of Record online: 13 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.015

    3. l-Carnitine Supplementation for the Treatment of Fatigue and Depressed Mood in Cancer Patients with Carnitine Deficiency: A Preliminary Analysis (pages 168–176)

      R A CRUCIANI, E DVORKIN, P HOMEL, B CULLINEY, S MALAMUD, L SHAIOVA, S FLEISHMAN, J LAPIN, E KLEIN, P LESAGE, R PORTENOY and N ESTEBAN-CRUCIANI

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.016

    4. The Role of Carnitine in the Male Reproductive System (pages 177–188)

      CHIU MING NG, MARC R. BLACKMAN, CHRISTINA WANG and RONALD S. SWERDLOFF

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.017

    5. l-Carnitine May Attenuate Free Fatty Acid-Induced Endothelial Dysfunction (pages 189–197)

      SUDHA S. SHANKAR, BAHRAM MIRZAMOHAMMADI, JAMES P. WALSH and HELMUT O. STEINBERG

      Version of Record online: 12 JAN 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1320.018

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