Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Cover image for Vol. 1071 Psychobiology of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Decade of Progress

July 2006

Volume 1071 Psychobiology of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Decade of Progress

Pages xv–xxiv, 1–549

  1. Preface

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Preface (pages xv–xxi)

      Rachel Yehuda

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.061

  2. Foreword

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Foreword (pages xxiii–xxiv)

      Farris Tuma

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.062

  3. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress in Police and Other First Responders (pages 1–18)

      CHARLES R. MARMAR, SHANNON E. McCASLIN, THOMAS J. METZLER, SUZANNE BEST, DANIEL S. WEISS, JEFFERY FAGAN, AKIVA LIBERMAN, NNAMDI POLE, CHRISTIAN OTTE, RACHEL YEHUDA, DAVID MOHR and THOMAS NEYLAN

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.001

    2. Separation Anxiety as a Mediator Between Acute Morphine Administration and PTSD Symptoms in Injured Children (pages 41–45)

      GLENN SAXE, MEAGHAN GEARY, KATHERINE BEDARD, MICHELLE BOSQUET, ALISA MILLER, KARESTAN KOENEN, FREDERICK STODDARD and STEPHEN MOULTON

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.004

    3. Efficacy of Hydrocortisone in Preventing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Critical Illness and Major Surgery (pages 46–53)

      GUSTAV SCHELLING, BENNO ROOZENDAAL, TILL KRAUSENECK, MARTIN SCHMOELZ, DOMINIQUE DE QUERVAIN and JOSEF BRIEGEL

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.005

  4. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Memory Performance in Older Trauma Survivors : Implications for the Longitudinal Course of PTSD (pages 54–66)

      JULIA A. GOLIER, PHILIP D. HARVEY, JULIANA LEGGE and RACHEL YEHUDA

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.006

    2. Amygdala, Medial Prefrontal Cortex, and Hippocampal Function in PTSD (pages 67–79)

      LISA M. SHIN, SCOTT L. RAUCH and ROGER K. PITMAN

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.007

    3. Neuroimaging Studies of Emotional Responses in PTSD (pages 87–109)

      ISRAEL LIBERZON and BRIAN MARTIS

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.009

    4. Electrophysiological Responses to Affective Stimuli in American Indians Experiencing Trauma With and Without PTSD (pages 125–136)

      CINDY L. EHLERS, SAMANTHA HURST, EVELYN PHILLIPS, DAVID A. GILDER, MICHELLE DIXON, ABIGAIL GROSS, PHILIP LAU and RACHEL YEHUDA

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.011

  5. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Immune Function in PTSD (pages 167–183)

      MARGARET ALTEMUS, FIRDAUS S. DHABHAR and RUIRONG YANG

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.013

    2. Alterations in Stress Reactivity After Long-Term Treatment with Paroxetine in Women with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (pages 184–202)

      ERIC VERMETTEN, MEENA VYTHILINGAM, CHRISTIAN SCHMAHL, CARIEN DE KLOET, STEVEN M. SOUTHWICK, DENNIS S. CHARNEY and J. DOUGLAS BREMNER

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.014

    3. Neuroendocrine Regulation of Sleep Disturbances in PTSD (pages 203–215)

      THOMAS C. NEYLAN, CHRISTIAN OTTE, RACHEL YEHUDA and CHARLES R. MARMAR

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.015

  6. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Social Context and the Psychobiology of Posttraumatic Stress (pages 231–241)

      SANDRO GALEA, RON ACIERNO, KENNETH RUGGIERO, HEIDI RESNICK, MELISSA TRACY and DEAN KILPATRICK

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.018

    2. Clarifying the Origin of Biological Abnormalities in PTSD Through the Study of Identical Twins Discordant for Combat Exposure (pages 242–254)

      ROGER K. PITMAN, MARK W. GILBERTSON, TAMARA V. GURVITS, FLAVIA S. MAY, NATASHA B. LASKO, LINDA J. METZGER, MARTHA E. SHENTON, RACHEL YEHUDA, SCOTT P. ORR and for the Harvard/VA PTSD Twin Study Investigators

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.019

    3. Clinical Implications of Neuroscience Research in PTSD (pages 277–293)

      BESSEL A. VAN DER KOLK

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.022

  7. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Establishing an Agenda for Translational Research on PTSD (pages 294–312)

      MELINDA M. MILLER and BRUCE S. McEWEN

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.023

    2. Toward an Animal Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (pages 324–334)

      ANJA SIEGMUND and CARSTEN T. WOTJAK

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.025

    3. The Contribution of an Animal Model Toward Uncovering Biological Risk Factors for PTSD (pages 335–350)

      HAGIT COHEN, MICHAEL A. MATAR, GAL RICHTER-LEVIN and JOSEPH ZOHAR

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.026

    4. Glucocorticoid “Programming” and PTSD Risk (pages 351–378)

      JONATHAN R. SECKL and MICHAEL J. MEANEY

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.027

    5. Developing an Agenda for Translational Studies of Resilience and Vulnerability Following Trauma Exposure (pages 379–396)

      RACHEL YEHUDA, JANINE D. FLORY, STEVEN SOUTHWICK and DENNIS S. CHARNEY

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.028

  8. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Alexithymia in PTSD : Psychometric and FMRI Studies (pages 397–400)

      PAUL A. FREWEN, CLAIRE PAIN, DAVID J. A. DOZOIS and RUTH A. LANIUS

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.029

    2. Neuroimaging of Pain Perception in Dutch Veterans With and Without Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Preliminary Results (pages 401–404)

      ELBERT GEUZE, ERIC VERMETTEN, ANJA JOCHIMS, MARTIN BOHUS, CHRISTIAN SCHMAHL and HERMAN WESTENBERG

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.030

    3. The Relationship Between Hippocampal Volume and Declarative Memory in a Population of Combat Veterans With and Without PTSD (pages 405–409)

      LISA TISCHLER, SARAH R. BRAND, KARINA STAVITSKY, ELLEN LABINSKY, RANDALL NEWMARK, ROBERT GROSSMAN, MONTE S. BUCHSBAUM and RACHEL YEHUDA

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.031

    4. Cognitive Effects of Intravenous Hydrocortisone in Subjects with PTSD and Healthy Control Subjects (pages 410–421)

      ROBERT GROSSMAN, RACHEL YEHUDA, JULIA GOLIER, BRUCE MCEWEN, PHILIP HARVEY and NELLY STA. MARIA

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.032

    5. Association Between Alexithymia and Neuroendocrine Response to Psychological Stress in Police Academy Recruits (pages 425–427)

      SHANNON E. McCASLIN, SABRA S. INSLICHT, THOMAS C. NEYLAN, THOMAS J. METZLER, CHRISTIAN OTTE, MARYANN LENOCI, CLARE HENN-HAASE, SUZANNE BEST, RACHEL YEHUDA and CHARLES R. MARMAR

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.034

    6. Increased Cortisol in Women With Intimate Partner Violence-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (pages 428–429)

      SABRA S. INSLICHT, CHARLES R. MARMAR, THOMAS C. NEYLAN, THOMAS J. METZLER, STACEY L. HART, CHRISTIAN OTTE, SHANNON E. MCCASLIN, GREGORY LUKE LARKIN, KELLY B. HYMAN and ANDREW BAUM

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.035

    7. Differential Effects of Subtypes of Trauma Symptoms on Couples' Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) Axis Reactivity and Recovery in Response to Interpersonal Stress (pages 430–433)

      SALLY I. POWERS, MEREDITH GUNLICKS, HEIDEMARIE LAURENT, SUSAN BALABAN, EILEEN BENT and ALINE SAYER

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.036

    8. Effect of High-Dose Cortisol on Memory Functions (pages 434–437)

      ROMUALD BRUNNER, DANIELE SCHAEFER, KLAUS HESS, PETER PARZER, FRANZ RESCH and STEFAN SCHWAB

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.037

    9. Ecological Study of Sleep Disruption in PTSD : A Pilot Study (pages 438–441)

      ANNE GERMAIN, MARTICA HALL, M. KATHERINE SHEAR, ERIC A. NOFZINGER and DANIEL J. BUYSSE

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.038

    10. The ACTH Response to Dexamethasone in Persian Gulf War Veterans (pages 448–453)

      JULIA A. GOLIER, JULIANA LEGGE and RACHEL YEHUDA

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.040

  9. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. The Effect of Maternal PTSD Following in Utero Trauma Exposure on Behavior and Temperament in the 9-Month-Old Infant (pages 454–458)

      SARAH R. BRAND, STEPHANIE M. ENGEL, RICHARD L. CANFIELD and RACHEL YEHUDA

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.041

  10. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Assessment of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Children who are Medically Ill and Children Presenting to a Child Trauma Program (pages 472–477)

      EYAL SHEMESH, RACHEL A. ANNUNZIATO, JEFFREY H. NEWCORN, LORI ROCKMORE, LINDA M. BIERER, JUDITH A. COHEN, JAMES SCHMEIDLER and RACHEL YEHUDA

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.044

    2. Medical Screenings as a Trigger for PTSD in Public Safety Workers (pages 478–480)

      THOMAS DEMARIA, MINNA BARRETT and DIANE RYAN

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.045

    3. Bio-Psycho-Social Assessment of 9/11-Bereaved Children (pages 481–483)

      THOMAS DEMARIA, MINNA BARRETT, BERNADINA KERASIOTIS, JEANNE ROHLIH and CLAUDE CHEMTOB

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.046

    4. Are Adult Offspring Reliable Informants About Parental PTSD? A Validation Study (pages 484–487)

      RACHEL YEHUDA, ELLEN LABINSKY, LISA TISCHLER, SARAH R. BRAND, YONIT LAVIN, WILLIAM BLAIR, LINDA M. BIERER, RACHEL Z. GOODMAN and ROBERT A. GROSSMAN

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.047

    5. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder With Amnesia Following Asphyxiation (pages 488–490)

      BARRY S. LAYTON, ROBERT KRIKORIAN, GALIT DORI, GREGG A. MARTIN and KATHERINE WARDI

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.048

    6. Women and Reproductive-Related Trauma (pages 491–494)

      LESLIE BORN, CLAUDIO N. SOARES, SHAUNA-DAE PHILLIPS, MATT JUNG and MEIR STEINER

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.049

    7. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Other Psychological Sequelae Among World Trade Center Clean Up and Recovery Workers (pages 495–499)

      RAZ GROSS, YUVAL NERIA, XUGUANG (GRANT) TAO, JENNIFER MASSA, LESLIE ASHWELL, KATHLEEN DAVIS and ALISON GEYH

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.051

  11. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. The Application of Virtual Reality to the Treatment of PTSD Following the WTC Attack (pages 500–501)

      JOANN DIFEDE, JUDITH CUKOR, IVY PATT, CEZAR GIOSAN and HUNTER HOFFMAN

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.052

    2. Pharmacotherapeutic Treatment of Nightmares and Insomnia in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder : An Overview of the Literature (pages 502–507)

      SASKIA VAN LIEMPT, ERIC VERMETTEN, ELBERT GEUZE and HERMAN WESTENBERG

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.053

    3. Clinical Correlates of 24-H Cortisol and Norepinephrine Excretion Among Subjects Seeking Treatment Following the World Trade Center Attacks on 9/11 (pages 514–520)

      LINDA M. BIERER, LISA TISCHLER, ELLEN LABINSKY, SHAWN CAHILL, EDNA FOA and RACHEL YEHUDA

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.055

  12. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Maternal–Infant Response to Variable Foraging Demand in Nonhuman Primates : Effects of Timing of Stressor on Cerebrospinal Fluid Corticotropin-Releasing Factor and Circulating Glucocorticoid Concentrations (pages 525–533)

      JEREMY D. COPLAN, ERIC L.P. SMITH, MARGARET ALTEMUS, SANJAY J. MATHEW, TARIQUE PERERA, JOHN G. KRAL, JACK M. GORMAN, MICHAEL J. OWENS, CHARLES B. NEMEROFF and LEONARD A. ROSENBLUM

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.057

    2. Role of the Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis (BST) in the Expression of Conditioned Fear (pages 538–541)

      EDWARD G. MELONI, ALEXANDRA JACKSON, LYLE P. GERETY, BRUCE M. COHEN and WILLIAM A. CARLEZON JR

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.059

    3. Developmental Trauma is Associated with Behavioral Hyperarousal, Altered HPA Axis Activity, and Decreased Hippocampal Neurotrophin Expression in the Adult Rat (pages 542–546)

      JOACHIM D.K. UYS, LELANIE MARAIS, JACQUELINE FAURE, DESIREE PREVOO, PIETER SWART, ABDUL H. MOHAMMED, DAN J. STEIN and WILLIE M.U. DANIELS

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.060

  13. Index of Contributors

    1. Top of page
    2. Preface
    3. Foreword
    4. Part I. Learning about Etiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment of PTSD from Prospective, Longitudinal, Biological Studies
    5. Part II. New Insights into Cognitive and Brain Functioning in PTSD
    6. Part III. Glucocorticoid Responsiveness in PTSD: A Common Pathway for Systemic, Cognitive, Behavioral and Neurobiological Effects of Trauma
    7. Part IV. Hot Topics: Implications and Applications of Biological Studies
    8. Part V. Contributions of Developmental and Basic Neuroscience to Understanding PTSD
    9. Part VI. Short Papers—Neurobiological Correlates of Symptoms or Traits Associated with Trauma Exposure and/or PTSD
    10. Part VII. Short Papers—Developmental Approaches to the Study of PTSD
    11. Part VIII. Short Papers—Advances in the Assessment of Trauma and PTSD in Special Populations
    12. Part IX. Short Papers—Psychological and Biological Correlates of PTSD Treatment and Treatment Responses
    13. Part X. Short Papers—Animal Studies
    14. Index of Contributors
    1. Index of Contributors (pages 547–549)

      Version of Record online: 26 JUL 2006 | DOI: 10.1196/annals.1364.964

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