Effects of exercise on resting blood pressure in obese children: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials


Address for correspondence: Professor Dr JM Saavedra, Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, AFIDES Research Group, Universidad de Extremadura, Avda. Universidad s/n, 10071 Cáceres, España.

E-mail: jsaavdra@unex.es


The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the evidence for the effectiveness of exercise interventions on the resting blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) of obese children. A computerized search was made of seven databases using keywords. Effect sizes (ES) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and the heterogeneity of the studies was estimated using Cochran's Q-statistic applied to the effect size means. Nine randomized controlled trial (RCT) studies were selected for review as satisfying the inclusion criteria (n = 205 exercise, 205 control). The main cumulative evidence indicates that the exercise programmes with a frequency of three sessions weekly lasting longer than 60 min had a moderate effect on systolic blood pressure (ES = −0.46, I2 = 27%), and programmes of under 12 weeks with more than three sessions weekly were beneficial in terms of reduction of diastolic blood pressure (ES = −0.35, I2 = 78%).