Complexities and opportunities in monitoring and evaluating US and global changes by the food industry
Article first published online: 23 OCT 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Obesity Reviews published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the International Association for the Study of Obesity.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Special Issue: Program and Policy Options for Preventing Obesity in the Low, Middle, and Transitional Income Countries
Volume 14, Issue Supplement S2, pages 29–41, November 2013
How to Cite
Ng, S. W. and Dunford, E. (2013), Complexities and opportunities in monitoring and evaluating US and global changes by the food industry. Obesity Reviews, 14: 29–41. doi: 10.1111/obr.12095
- Issue published online: 23 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 23 OCT 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 9 SEP 2013 06:50AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 13 AUG 2013
- Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Grant Number: 70017
- National Institutes of Health. Grant Numbers: R01 HL104580, CPC 5 R24 HD050924
- Food Monitoring Group
- Bupa Australia
- Rockefeller Foundation's Bellagio Center
- University of North Carolina Nutrition Transition Program
- modern food supply;
- United States
In developed nations and increasingly in the rest of the world, a large proportion of people's diets comes from manufactured food sources and food not produced at home. These types of products are constantly changing and have significant nutrition and health implications for the world's population. However, researchers, public health workers and policy makers face major complexities in understanding what these changes are and their relationships to diet and health outcomes. This paper will describe some of the complexities faced in monitoring and evaluating the nutritional composition of food products and what it means for population health. Importantly, no existing food composition database is able to keep up with the continuous reformulation and introductions and removals of packaged foods and food services. The paper will also discuss opportunities to improve and update the monitoring and evaluation of changes made by each of these key sectors of the modern food supply and how these changes can influence the nutrients purchased or consumed across the globe. The focus will be on the United States with some examples from other developed nations and a discussion of implications for low- and middle-income countries.