Prevalence of oral lesions of autoimmune etiology in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome

Authors


Correspondence: Dr Karen Likar-Manookin, DDS, Department of Oral Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. Tel: +206-543-6501, Fax: +206-685-8412, E-mail: kmanook@uw.edu

Abstract

Objective

The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of oral lesions of autoimmune etiology (OLAIE) in a cohort of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS).

Materials and methods

A multi-center retrospective cohort study was conducted at the oral medicine practices of Carolinas Medical Center (CMC), Baylor College of Dentistry (BCD), and the University of Florida (UF). Each site performed a chart review of patients with well-characterized pSS. Clinical variables such as OLAIE, traumatic lesions, and medical conditions were compiled at each site. The association between clinical variables and the presence of OLAIE was then assessed for significance.

Results

We evaluated 155 patients diagnosed with pSS. Nineteen patients with pSS (12.3%) had an OLAIE. CMC reported 11 (21.2%) patients with OLAIE, while BCD and UF reported 4 (7.3%) and 4 (8.3%), respectively. Eleven of the 19 (58%) patients with OLAIE had lichen planus, 6 (32%) had aphthous stomatitis, 1 (5%) had chronic ulcerative stomatitis, and 1 (5%) had lesions of systemic connective tissue disease by immunofluorescence.

Conclusion

The results of our analysis suggest that patients with pSS have a 12% prevalence of OLAIE with a wide range (7.3–21.2%) found between practices. This difference is likely related to the different screening protocols for oral dryness between sites.

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