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ECG Criteria for Accurate Localization of Left Anterolateral and Posterolateral Accessory Pathways

Authors

  • JOSHUA D. MOSS M.D.,

    1. Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
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  • EDWARD P. GERSTENFELD M.D.,

    1. Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
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  • RAJAT DEO M.D.,

    1. Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
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  • MATHEW D. HUTCHINSON M.D.,

    1. Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
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  • DAVID J. CALLANS M.D.,

    1. Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
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  • FRANCIS E. MARCHLINSKI M.D.,

    1. Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
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  • SANJAY DIXIT M.D.

    1. Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
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  • Funding Sources: None.

  • Conflicts of Interest: None.

Address for reprints: Joshua D. Moss, M.D., Heart Rhythm Center, University of Chicago, 5758 S. Maryland Avenue, MC 9024, Chicago, IL 60614. Fax: 773-702-4666; e-mail: jmoss@bsd.uchicago.edu

Abstract

Background : Left lateral accessory pathway (AP) location along the mitral annulus (MA) can influence ablation strategy, including choice of a transseptal or retrograde aortic approach and the use of deflectable sheaths and/or bidirectional catheters. We aimed to develop electrocardiographic (ECG) criteria to accurately localize a left lateral AP, hypothesizing that the relationship of QRS amplitudes in limb leads II and III could be used to differentiate left anterolateral (LAL) from left posterolateral (LPL) AP locations.

Methods : The ECGs from patients who underwent ablation of a left-sided AP between 2001 and 2008 were evaluated for the relationship of QRS amplitudes in limb leads II and III. A LAL-AP was defined by successful ablation between 12 and 3 o’clock on the MA, as seen in left anterior oblique (LAO) fluoroscopic projection. A LPL-AP was defined by successful ablation between 3 and 6 o’clock in the LAO projection.

Results : In 249 consecutive patients undergoing AP ablation, 23 met the prespecified inclusion criteria: manifest preexcitation due to single AP, ablated successfully in a LAL or LPL location. The ratio of dominant QRS amplitude in lead II to lead III was ≥1 in 10/11 patients with LAL-AP, compared with 3/12 patients with a LPL-AP (P = 0.002). Using these criteria, two blinded reviewers predicted a LAL or LPL location with 87% accuracy and 100% interobserver agreement.

Conclusions : We report new ECG criteria that can be used to accurately predict the anterior and posterior location of a left lateral AP. Such localization may facilitate procedural planning. (PACE 2012;35:1444–1450)

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