• 1
    Majeed A, Moser K, Carroll K. Trends in the prevalence and management of atrial fibrillation in general practice in England and Wales, 1994–1998: Analysis of data from the general practice research database. Heart 2001; 86:284288.
  • 2
    Coyne KS, Paramore C, Grandy S, Mercader M, Reynolds M, Zimetbaum P. Assessing the direct costs of treating nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in the United States. Value Health 2006; 9:348356.
  • 3
    Israel CW, Gronefeld G, Ehrlich JR, Li YG, Hohnloser SH. Long-term risk of recurrent atrial fibrillation as documented by an implantable monitoring device: Implications for optimal patient care. J Am Coll Cardiol 2004; 43:4752.
  • 4
    Healey JS, Connolly SJ, Gold MR, Israel CW, Van Gelder IC, Capucci A, Lau CP, et al. Subclinical atrial fibrillation and the risk of stroke. N Engl J Med 2012; 366:120129.
  • 5
    Zimetbaum PJ, Kim KY, Josephson ME, Goldberger AL, Cohen DJ. Diagnostic yield and optimal duration of continuous-loop event monitoring for the diagnosis of palpitations. A cost-effectiveness analysis. Ann Intern Med 1998; 128:890895.
  • 6
    Disertori M, Lombardi F, Barlera S, Maggioni AP, Favero C, Franzosi MG, Lucci D, et al. Clinical characteristics of patients with asymptomatic recurrences of atrial fibrillation in the Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell'Infarto Miocardico-Atrial Fibrillation (GISSI-AF) trial. Am Heart J 2011; 162: 382389.
  • 7
    Pontoppidan J, Nielsen JC, Poulsen SH, Hansen PS. Symptomatic and asymptomatic atrial fibrillation after pulmonary vein ablation and the impact on quality of life. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 2009; 32:717726.
  • 8
    Sorgente A, Tung P, Wylie J, Josephson ME. Six year follow-up after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation: A palliation more than a true cure. Am J Cardiol 2012; 109:11791186.
  • 9
    Carnlof C, Insulander P, Pettersson PH, Jensen-Urstad M, Fossum B. Health-related quality of life in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing pulmonary vein isolation, before and after treatment. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2010; 9:4549.
  • 10
    Arnold AZ, Mick MJ, Mazurek RP, Loop FD, Trohman RG. Role of prophylactic anticoagulation for direct current cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. J Am Coll Cardiol 1992; 19:851855.
  • 11
    Manning WJ, Silverman DI, Keighley CS, Oettgen P, Douglas PS. Transesophageal echocardiographically facilitated early cardioversion from atrial fibrillation using short-term anticoagulation: Final results of a prospective 4.5-year study. J Am Coll Cardiol 1995; 25:13541361.
  • 12
    Liao J, Khalid Z, Scallan C, Morillo C, O'Donnell M. Noninvasive cardiac monitoring for detecting paroxysmal atrial fibrillation or flutter after acute ischemic stroke: A systematic review. Stroke 2007; 38:29352940.
  • 13
    Glotzer TV, Daoud EG, Wyse DG, Singer DE, Ezekowitz MD, Hilker C, Miller C, et al. The relationship between daily atrial tachyarrhythmia burden from implantable device diagnostics and stroke risk: The TRENDS study. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol 2009; 2:474480.