How well does public service motivation apply to occupational locus and focus in the post-communist state? Survey data from the ISSP 2005 Work Orientations module gathered in five post-communist Central and Eastern European countries and Russia are examined using multilevel binary logistic regression analysis. It is found that occupational focus is a more important correlate of public service motivation than is occupational locus in these post-communist countries. Because the relative importance of work motives varies across countries, it is important to account for national context when developing a theory of public service motivation.