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Keywords:

  • soybean;
  • Glycine max ;
  • Kunitz trypsin inhibitor;
  • seed lectin;
  • soybean agglutinin;
  • P34;
  • allergen

Abstract

Soybean (Glycine max) seeds contain bioactive proteins with antinutritional and immunological properties that affect metabolism and assimilation of nutrients. The presence of antinutritional proteins requires soybeans to be heat-treated resulting in input energy costs. Nulls for bioactive seed proteins have been previously isolated from the USDA soybean collection, including Kunitz trypsin inhibitor (TI), soybean agglutinin (LE) and immunodominant soybean allergen P34 protein. Each of these nulls has the potential to partially address the concerns of soybean feed/food consumption. A stack of recessive nulls of TI, LE and P34 was created in a cv ‘Williams 82’ background termed ‘Triple Null’. Triple Null has a slight reduction of total protein compared with ‘Williams 82’ corresponding to aggregate contribution of TI, LE and P34 in the seed proteome. Triple Null's proteome analysis revealed P34 and TI nulls are frame-shift mutants able to accumulate small amounts of authentic P34 and TI proteins. Triple Null has possible application as a conventional feed/food source and for immunotherapy to mitigate soybean allergenic response.