Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children 4th edition-Chinese version index scores in Taiwanese children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Authors

  • Pinchen Yang MD,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University & Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
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  • Chung-Ping Cheng PhD,

    1. Department of Psychology, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
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  • Chen-Lin Chang MD,

    1. Graduate Institute of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University & Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
    2. Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
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  • Tai-Ling Liu MD,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University & Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
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  • Hsiu-Yi Hsu MS,

    1. Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University & Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
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  • Cheng-Fang Yen MD, PhD

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University & Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
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Correspondence: Cheng-Fang Yen, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University & Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, 100 Shi-chuan 1st Rd, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan. Email: p03132006@gmail.com

Abstract

Aim

The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children 4th edition-Chinese version (WISC-IV-Chinese) has been in clinical use in Taiwan since 2007. Research is needed to determine how the WISC-IV, modified from its earlier version, will affect its interpretation in clinical practice in a Mandarin-speaking context.

Methods

We attempted to use WISC-IV-Chinese scores to identify the cognitive strengths and weaknesses in 334 Taiwanese children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Comparison of cognitive profiles of WISC-IV-Chinese scores between subtypes of ADHD was also performed.

Results

The results indicated that the four-factor model of the WISC-IV-Chinese fitted well for Taiwanese children with ADHD. The profiles showed that performance in the index score of the Processing Speed Index was the weakness domain for the Taiwanese children with ADHD, as confirmed by two different kinds of analytic methods. Cognitive profile analysis of ADHD subtypes revealed children with inattentive subtypes to have a greater weakness in processing speed performance.

Conclusion

The implications of the profiles of the index scores on the WISC-IV-Chinese version for Taiwanese children with ADHD were explored.

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