SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Young KS, Rodgers RC. The relationship between depression and Internet addiction. Cyberpsychol. Behav. 1998; 1: 2528.
  • 2
    Anderson KJ. Internet use among college students: An exploratory study. J. Am. Coll. Health 2000; 50: 2126.
  • 3
    Ko CHH, Yen JYY, Chen CCC, Chen SHH, Yen CFF. Proposed diagnostic criteria of Internet addiction for adolescents. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 2005; 193: 728733.
  • 4
    Shapira NA, Lessig MC, Goldsmith TD et al. Problematic Internet use: Proposed classification and diagnostic criteria. Depress. Anxiety 2003; 17: 207216.
  • 5
    Holden C. ‘Behavioral’ addictions: Do they exist? Science 2001; 294: 980982.
  • 6
    Shaw M, Black DW. Internet addiction: Definition, assessment, epidemiology and clinical management. CNS Drugs 2008; 22: 353365.
  • 7
    Black DW, Belsare G, Schlosser S. Clinical features, psychiatric comorbidity, and health-related quality of life in persons reporting compulsive computer use behavior. J. Clin. Psychiatry 1999; 60: 839844.
  • 8
    Shapira N, Goldsmith T, Keck P Jr, Khosla UM, McElroy SL. Psychiatric features of problematic Internet use. J. Affect. Disord. 2000; 57: 267272.
  • 9
    Ko CH, Yen JY, Chen CS. Psychiatric comorbidity of Internet addiction in college students: An interview study. CNS Spectr. 2008; 13: 147153.
  • 10
    Bernardi S, Pallanti S. Internet addiction: A descriptive clinical study focusing on comorbidities and dissociative symptoms. Compr. Psychiatry 2009; 50: 510516.
  • 11
    Ha JH, Yoo HJ, Cho IH, Chin B, Shin D, Kim JH. Psychiatric comorbidity assessed in Korean children and adolescents who screen positive for Internet addiction. J. Clin. Psychiatry 2006; 67: 821826.
  • 12
    Young KS. Psychology of Computer Use: XL. Addictive use of the Internet: A case that breaks the stereotype. Psychol. Rep. 1996; 79: 899902.
  • 13
    Bayraktar F. The role of Internet use in adolescent development (Unpublished master's thesis). Department of Psychology, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey, 2001 (in Turkish).
  • 14
    Kaufman J, Birmaher B, Brent D et al. Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL): Initial reliability and validity data. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 1997; 36: 980988.
  • 15
    Gokler B, Unal F, Pehlivanturk B, Cengel Kultur E, Akdemir D, Taner Y. Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version: Reliability and validity of Turkish adaptation version. Cocuk Genc Ruh Saglik Derg. 2004; 11: 109116 (in Turkish).
  • 16
    Merikangas KR, He JP, Burstein M et al. Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in U.S. adolescents: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 2010; 49: 980989.
  • 17
    Liu T, Potenza MN. Problematic Internet use: Clinical implications. CNS Spectr. 2007; 12: 453466.
  • 18
    Ko CH, Yen JY, Yen CF, Chen CS, Chen CC. The association between Internet addiction and psychiatric disorder: A review of the literature. Eur. Psychiatry 2012; 27: 18.
  • 19
    Tsitsika A, Critselis E, Louizou A et al. Determinants of Internet addiction among adolescents: A case-control study. Sci. World J. 2011; 11: 866874.
  • 20
    Faraone V, Biederman J, Weber W. Psychiatric, neuropsychological, and psychosocial features of DSM-IV subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Results from a clinically referred sample. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 1998; 37: 185193.
  • 21
    Yoo HJ, Cho SC, Ha J, Yune SK, Kim SJ, Hwang J. Attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms and Internet addiction. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2004; 58: 487494.
  • 22
    Yen JY, Yen CF, Chen CS, Tang TC, Ko CH. The association between adult ADHD symptoms and Internet addiction among college students: The gender difference. Cyberpsychol. Behav. 2009; 12: 187191.
  • 23
    Dong G, Huang J, Du X. Enhanced reward sensitivity and decreased loss sensitivity in Internet addicts: An fMRI study during a guessing task. J. Psychiatr. Res. 2011; 45: 15251529.
  • 24
    Koepp MJ, Gunn RN, Lawrence AD et al. Evidence for striatal dopamine release during a video game. Nature 1998; 393: 266268.
  • 25
    Rubia K, Smith AB, Brammer MJ, Toone B, Taylor E. Abnormal brain activation during inhibition and error detection in medication-naive adolescents with ADHD. Am. J. Psychiatry 2005; 162: 10671075.
  • 26
    Anderson CA, Dill KE. Video games and aggressive thoughts, feelings, and behavior in the laboratory and in life. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 2000; 78: 772790.
  • 27
    Gentile DA, Lynch PJ, Linder JR, Walsh DA. The effects of violent video game habits on adolescent hostility, aggressive behaviors, and school performance. J. Adolesc. 2004; 27: 522.
  • 28
    Chak K, Leung L. Shyness and locus of control as predictors of Internet addiction and Internet use. Cyberpsychol. Behav. 2004; 7: 559570.
  • 29
    Ko CH, Yen JY, Chen CS, Yeh YC, Yen CF. Predictive values of psychiatric symptoms for Internet addiction in adolescents: A 2-year prospective study. Arch. Pediatr. Adolesc. Med. 2009; 163: 937943.
  • 30
    Morahan-Martin J, Schumacher P. Incidence and correlates of pathological Internet use among college students. Comput. Hum. Behav. 2000; 16: 1329.
  • 31
    De Berardis D, D'Albenzio A, Gambi F. Alexithymia and its relationships with dissociative experiences and Internet addiction in a nonclinical sample. Cyberpsychol. Behav. 2009; 12: 6769.
  • 32
    Meerkerk GJ, Van Den Eijnden RJ, Vermulst AA, Garretsen HF. The Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS): Some psychometric properties. Cyberpsychol. Behav. 2009; 12: 16.
  • 33
    Lee YS, Han DH, Yang KC, Daniels MA, Na C, Kee BS. Depression like characteristics of 5HTTLPR polymorphism and temperament in excessive Internet users. J. Affect. Disord. 2008; 109: 165169.
  • 34
    Bai YM, Lin CC, Chen JY. Internet addiction disorder among clients of a virtual clinic. Psychiatr. Serv. 2001; 52: 1397.
  • 35
    Lam LT, Peng ZW, Mai JC, Jing J. Factors associated with Internet addiction among adolescents. Cyberpsychol. Behav. 2009; 12: 551555.
  • 36
    Ko CH, Liu GC, Hsiao S et al. Brain activities associated with gaming urge of online gaming addiction. J. Psychiatr. Res. 2009; 43: 739747.