Internet abusers associate with a depressive state but not a depressive trait
Article first published online: 8 DEC 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences © 2013 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 68, Issue 3, pages 197–205, March 2014
How to Cite
Huang, A. C. W., Chen, H.-E., Wang, Y.-C. and Wang, L.-M. (2014), Internet abusers associate with a depressive state but not a depressive trait. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 68: 197–205. doi: 10.1111/pcn.12124
- Issue published online: 6 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 8 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 3 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 17 JUL 2012
- National Research Council of the Republic of China. Grant Numbers: NSC 98-2410-H-431-005, NSC 99-2410-H-431-013
- depressive state;
- depressive trait;
- Internet abuse
The present study investigated three issues: (i) whether Internet abusers display a depressive state without a depressive trait; (ii) which symptoms are shared between Internet abuse and depression; and (iii) which personality characteristics were shown in Internet abusers.
Ninety-nine male and 58 female participants aged 18–24 years were screened with the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. After screening, subjects were separated into the high- (n = 73) and low-risk (n = 84) Internet abuser groups. Participants were respectively administered the Chinese version of the Beck Depression Inventory-II to assess a depressive state and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 to assess a depressive trait.
The present results showed that high-risk Internet abusers exhibited a stronger depressive state than low-risk Internet abusers in the Beck Depression Inventory-II. However, high-risk Internet abusers didnot show a depressive trait in the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 compared to low-risk Internet abusers. Therefore, high-risk Internet abuse participants exhibited a depressive state without a depressive trait.
In a comparison of the symptoms of depression and Internet abuse, it was found that high-risk Internet abuse participants shared some common behavioral mechanisms with depression, including the psychiatric symptoms of loss of interest, aggressive behavior, depressive mood, and guilty feelings. High-risk Internet abuse participants may be more susceptible to a temporal depressive state but not a permanent depressive trait. The present findings have clinical implications for the prevention and treatment of Internet abuse.