Effects of maternal depressive symptomatology during pregnancy and the postpartum period on infant–mother attachment
Article first published online: 13 APR 2014
© 2014 The Authors. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences © 2014 Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 68, Issue 8, pages 631–639, August 2014
How to Cite
Ohoka, H., Koide, T., Goto, S., Murase, S., Kanai, A., Masuda, T., Aleksic, B., Ishikawa, N., Furumura, K. and Ozaki, N. (2014), Effects of maternal depressive symptomatology during pregnancy and the postpartum period on infant–mother attachment. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 68: 631–639. doi: 10.1111/pcn.12171
- Issue published online: 28 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 13 APR 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 13 FEB 2014 03:41AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 19 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Received: 1 AUG 2013
- Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan
- Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan
- New Technology Development Foundation. Grant Number: 21B-2
- bonding disorder;
- Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale;
- maternal mood;
- Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale;
- post-partum period
Postnatal depression has demonstrated long-term consequences on child cognitive and emotional development; however, the link between maternal and child pathology has not been clearly identified. We conducted a prospective study using self-rating questionnaires to clarify the association between bonding disorder and maternal mood during pregnancy and after childbirth.
A total of 389 women participated in this study and completed questionnaires. Participants were asked to complete the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale four times during pregnancy and the postpartum period.
We found statistically significant weak to moderate correlations (r = 0.14–0.39) between the EPDS and Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale scores at each testing period. Women who experienced low mood tended to have stronger bonding disorder. Furthermore, the effectiveness of attachment between the mother and child was closely related to the mood of the mother as measured by the EPDS.
We observed different patterns of bonding and maternal mood. Distinct subtypes regarding maternal mood and formation of mother-to-infant attachment suggests that analysis of bonding disorder should be performed considering the course of maternal depressive symptoms.