Idiopathic facial aseptic granuloma (IFAG) is a disorder that usually occurs during early childhood. Its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The objective of this study was to investigate possible relationships between IFAG and childhood rosacea. This was a retrospective multicenter study of patients attending four French dermatologic centers diagnosed with IFAG between October 2000 and July 2007. Patients and their parents were asked to come for a follow-up visit or to make an appointment for a telephone interview. Clinical symptoms of childhood rosacea were recorded: flushing, permanent or recurrent erythema; facial telangiectasia; papules and pustules on the face without comedones or microcysts; preferential location of the lesions on the convexity of the face; and ophthalmologic involvement of rosacea (recurrent chalazions, conjunctival hyperemia, keratitis). Thirty-eight patients, 20 girls and 18 boys, were included in the study. The median age at the time of diagnosis of IFAG was 43 months, with a median follow-up of 3.9 years. Sixteen patients (42.1%) had at least two criteria of childhood rosacea, 11 of 32 (34.4%) with a single lesion and 5 of 6 (83.3%) with multiple lesions. Children with IFAG are at risk for childhood rosacea, and follow-up is advised, including periodic ophthalmologic assessment.