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The Dynamic Relationships of Work Affect and Job Satisfaction with Perceptions of Fit

Authors


  • A previous version of this paper was presented at the 26th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology. We are grateful to Frederick Morgeson and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful feedback in crafting this manuscript. This research study was funded by Singapore Management University through a research grant (C207/MSS6B012) from the Ministry of Education Academic Research Fund Tier 1.

  • At the time of print, Allison S. Gabriel will be at the Department of Management, Virginia Commonwealth University.

Abstract

This study assessed the longitudinal relationship between perceived fit (i.e., person–organization fit, person–job fit) and affect-based variables (i.e., job satisfaction, negative affect, positive affect) using momentary (i.e., within-person level) and stable (i.e., between-person level) assessments of both sets of variables. In doing so, we tested 3 theoretical models of the perceived fit and work affect relationship (i.e., fit preceding affect; affect preceding fit; reciprocal fit–affect relations) to determine (a) the antecedents and consequences of fit perceptions, (b) whether fit perceptions exhibit meaningful within-person variability, and (c) if direct fit perceptions are simply the result of affect/job satisfaction at work or can influence such work experiences. In addition, we examined whether the relationships between affect/job satisfaction and fit perceptions were homologous (i.e., similar) across the 2 levels of analysis (i.e., within-person and between-person). Results indicated that fit primarily preceded affect and job satisfaction at both levels of analysis, though some specific relationships exhibited reciprocal causality and others supported affect as an antecedent of fit perceptions. Our findings paint a complex picture of the causal relationship between perceived fit and work affect.

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