Allen W. Barton, Center for Family Research, University of Georgia; Ted G. Futris, Human Development and Family Science, University of Georgia; Robert B. Nielsen, Financial Planning, Housing and Consumer Economics, University of Georgia.
Linking financial distress to marital quality: The intermediary roles of demand/withdraw and spousal gratitude expressions
Version of Record online: 6 SEP 2015
Copyright © 2015 IARR
Volume 22, Issue 3, pages 536–549, September 2015
How to Cite
BARTON, A. W., FUTRIS, T. G. and NIELSEN, R. B. (2015), Linking financial distress to marital quality: The intermediary roles of demand/withdraw and spousal gratitude expressions. Personal Relationships, 22: 536–549. doi: 10.1111/pere.12094
This research was supported by funding provided by the University of Georgia Office of the Vice President for Research and College of Family and Consumer Sciences awarded to the second and third authors as well as the American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences Jewell L. Taylor National Graduate Fellowship awarded to the first author. Generous in-kind support was also provided by the University of Georgia Survey Research Center.
- Issue online: 6 SEP 2015
- Version of Record online: 6 SEP 2015
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 MAR 2015
- Manuscript Revised: 10 MAR 2015
- Manuscript Received: 10 MAR 2014
- University of Georgia Office of the Vice President for Research
- College of Family and Consumer Sciences
- American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences
- University of Georgia Survey Research Center
This study investigates demand/withdraw communication and spousal expressions of gratitude as intervening variables in the association between financial distress and marital quality. With a sample of 468 married individuals, dual-mediation models revealed demand/withdraw transmitted the effect of financial distress onto 3 different marital outcomes; in most instances, this indirect effect occurred through total couple demand/withdraw and not one spouse-specific pattern. In moderated mediation models, spousal gratitude exerted main effects on all marital outcomes and, for a subset of outcomes, protective effects for couples with high levels of demand/withdraw. Results elucidate how demand/withdraw patterns link financial distress to marital outcomes and highlight spousal gratitude expressions as a promising, yet understudied, process within couples that promotes and protects marital quality.