Community-Based Health and Schools of Nursing: Supporting Health Promotion and Research

Authors

  • Crystal Shannon Ph.D., R.N., M.B.A.

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Nursing, College of Health and Human Services, Indiana University Northwest, Gary, IN
    • Correspondence to:

      Crystal Shannon, Assistant Professor, Indiana University Northwest, College of Health and Human Services, School of Nursing, 3400 Broadway, Gary, IN 46408. E-mail: crshanno@iun.edu

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Abstract

Objective

This article examines the role of community-based schools of nursing in the promotion of public health and research in poverty-stricken areas.

Design and Sample

This was a three-phase study (questionnaire and key-informants' interviews) that surveyed representatives of prelicensure associate and baccalaureate nursing schools (n=17), nursing-school key informants (n=6) and community leaders (n=10).

Measures

A 13-question web-based survey and semi-structured interview of key informants elicited data on demographics, nursing program design, exposure of faculty and students to various research and health promotion methods, and beliefs about student involvement.

Results

Nursing schools participated minimally in community-based health promotion (CBHP) and community-based participatory research saw reduced need for student involvement in such activities, cited multiple barriers to active community collaboration, and reported restricted community partnerships. CBHP was recognized to be a valuable element of health care and student education, but is obstructed by many barriers.

Conclusions

This study suggests that nursing schools are not taking full advantage of relationships with community leaders. Recommendations for action are given.

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