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A Rural African American Faith Community's Solutions to Depression Disparities

Authors

  • Keneshia Bryant Ph.D., R.N., F.N.P.-B.C.,

    Corresponding author
    1. College of Nursing, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas
    • Correspondence to:

      Keneshia Bryant, College of Nursing, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham Street, Slot #529, Little Rock, AR 72205.

      E-mail: kjbryant@uams.edu

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  • Tiffany Haynes Ph.D.,

    1. Division of Health Services Research, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas
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  • Karen Hye-cheon Kim Yeary Ph.D.,

    1. College of Public Health-Health Behavior & Health Education, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas
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  • Nancy Greer-Williams Ph.D., M.P.H.,

    1. Division of Research Practice and Improvement, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas
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  • Mary Hartwig Ph.D., A.P.N.

    1. Area Health Education Center-Northeast, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Jonesboro, Arkansas
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Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to explore how a rural African American faith community would address depression within their congregations and the community as a whole.

Design and Sample

A qualitative, interpretive descriptive methodology was used. The sample included 24 participants representing pastors, parishioners interested in health, and African American men who had experienced symptoms of depression in a community in the Arkansas Delta.

Measures

The primary data sources for this qualitative research study were focus groups.

Results

Participants identified three key players in the rural African American faith community who can combat depression: the Church, the Pastor/Clergy, and the Layperson. The roles of each were identified and recommendations for each to address depression disparities in rural African Americans.

Conclusions

The recommendations can be used to develop faith-based interventions for depression targeting the African American faith community.

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