Populations at Risk Across the Lifespan: Case Studies
Expectations and Self-Efficacy of African American Parents Who Discuss Sexuality with their Adolescent Sons: An Intervention Study
Article first published online: 30 SEP 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Public Health Nursing
Volume 31, Issue 3, pages 253–261, May/June 2014
How to Cite
Weekes, C. V. N., Haas, B. K. and Gosselin, K. P. (2014), Expectations and Self-Efficacy of African American Parents Who Discuss Sexuality with their Adolescent Sons: An Intervention Study. Public Health Nursing, 31: 253–261. doi: 10.1111/phn.12084
- Issue published online: 9 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 30 SEP 2013
- University of Detroit Mercy
- Association of Black Nursing Faculty
- adolescent males;
- African American parent;
- outcome expectancy;
- sex educator
Despite research that suggests parental communication may help deter high-risk sexual behavior among adolescents, parents report a lack of confidence in their ability to answer sexually related questions. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of a multimedia intervention on outcome expectations and perceived self-efficacy for the sex educator role for parents of African American adolescent males.
Design and Sample
A pilot study using mixed methods was conducted. A nonprobability sample (N = 61) was obtained from a large urban community using a combination of convenience and snowball recruitment methods.
Self-efficacy and outcome expectations were measured using self-reported questionnaires.
A multimedia intervention for use at home and incorporating an audio CD and associated activities was implemented over a 3-week time period.
Outcome expectations and self-efficacy both significantly improved after the intervention (p < .001).
Findings indicate that using a multimedia approach may be effective in improving parents' outcome expectancy and self-efficacy for talking about sex with adolescent sons.