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A Qualitative Descriptive Study of Risk Reduction for Coronary Disease among the Hong Kong Chinese


  • Choi Wan Chan Ph.D., R.N.,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
    • Correspondence to:

      Choi Wan Chan, School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 11 Yuk Choi Road, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong. E-mail:

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  • Violeta Lopez Ph.D., R.N.

    1. Research Centre for Nursing and Midwifery Practice, ACT Health/Australian National University, Garran, ACT, Australia
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Achieving optimal control and reduction in coronary heart disease (CHD) risks in Hong Kong (HK) remains significant and requires exploring. This article addresses the ability to reduce CHD risks among the HK Chinese.

Design and Sample

Through secondary analysis, a qualitative descriptive design using focus group interviews and content analysis were adopted. Older and younger adults were invited for the study.


An interview schedule was used to guide discussions during focus group interviews.


Four categories emerged from the data: planning of health actions, control of risk-reducing behavior, perceived opportunities for understanding CHD, and chest pain appraisal.


Local culture and population needs play a central role in disease perception and prevention. The findings are essential to target strategies for initiating health acts for younger adults and establish public education resources that underscore understanding of CHD risk, symptom recognition, and disease management, particularly among those middle-aged and older people at high risk and with the diseased populations.