Funding sources: The research leading to these results was funded by the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under grant agreement n°227020. The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study.
A sun holiday is a sunburn holiday
Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Volume 29, Issue 4, pages 221–224, August 2013
How to Cite
Petersen, B., Thieden, E., Philipsen, P. A., Heydenreich, J., Young, A. R. and Wulf, H. C. (2013), A sun holiday is a sunburn holiday. Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine, 29: 221–224. doi: 10.1111/phpp.12048
Conflicts of interest:
- Issue online: 1 JUL 2013
- Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 MAY 2013
- European Community's Seventh Framework Programme. Grant Number: FP7/2007–2013
- skin cancer;
- UVR exposure
Many people take holidays in sunny locations with the express aim of sunbathing. This may result in sunburn, which is a risk factor for skin cancer. We investigated 25 Danish sun seekers during a week's holiday in the Canary Islands. The percentage of body surface area with sunburn was determined by daily skin examinations by the same observer. Erythemally effective ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure was assessed with time-stamped personal dosimeters worn on the wrist. Volunteers reported their clothing cover and sunscreen use in diaries, and this information was used to determine body site-specific UVR doses after adjustment for sun protection factor. Remarkably, we found that all volunteers sunburned at some point. The risk of sunburn correlated significantly with the adjusted body site-specific UVR dose. Furthermore, there was also a significant relationship between the daily UVR dose and percentage of body surface area with sunburn. Our study shows that holiday UVR exposure results in a high risk of sunburn, which potentially increases the risk of skin cancer. Possible protection by melanogenesis is insufficient to protect against sunburn during a 1-week sun holiday. Finally, our data clearly support a substantial skin cancer risk from sun holidays.