Splenocyte apoptosis in Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection: possible role of TNF-α and TGF-β

Authors


  • Disclosures: None.

Correspondence: Arindam Bhattacharyya, Immunology Lab, Department of Zoology, University of Calcutta, 35, Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata-700019, West Bengal, India (e-mail: arindam19@yahoo.com).

Summary

Cerebral malaria is associated with the circulating levels of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), but association between these two cytokines and implications in splenocyte apoptosis remain largely obscured. We have evaluated the outcome of TGF-β and TNF-α production in the context of splenocyte apoptosis during Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) infection. Blood-stage PbA infection confirmed blood–brain barrier disruption, disarray of white pulp, increase in percentage of sub-G0/G1 and splenocyte apoptosis. Flow cytometric analysis reveals up-regulation of Fas-L followed by caspase-8 and caspase-3 activation and signifies possible involvement of Fas-L-mediated splenocyte apoptosis. We have observed down-regulation of TGF-β and up-regulation of TNF-α in tissue and serum level, respectively, during PbA infection. Association between the production of TGF-β and the severity of malaria infection in splenocytes was verified with TGF-β inhibitor that exacerbated the apoptotic process. In contrary, TNF-α inhibitor causes significant delay in apoptotic process, but could not alter the lethality of parasite. Thus, results from this study suggest that the critical balance between TGF-β and TNF-α might have a key role on Fas-L-mediated splenocyte apoptosis during experimental cerebral malaria.

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