Primary pulmonary myxoid sarcoma with EWSR1-CREB1 fusion, resembling extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma: Case report with a review of Literature


Correspondence: Susumu Matsukuma, MD, PhD, Department of Pathology, Japan Self Defense Forces Central Hospital, Ikejiri 1-2-24, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 154-0001, Japan. Email:


Reported herein is an extremely rare case of primary pulmonary myxoid sarcoma (PPMS). A 31-year-old man presented with a 2.7 cm-sized pulmonary tumor surrounded by capsule-like fibrosis. The patient has been free of disease for 5.8 years after surgery. This tumor focally showed endobronchial features, and consisted of reticular cords of oval, short spindle, or polygonal cells with swollen vesicular nuclei accompanied by an abundant myxoid stroma, closely resembling extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. Tumor cells were diffusely positive for vimentin and focally positive for epithelial membrane antigen, but were negative for cytokeratin, TTF-1, Napsin A, S-100 protein, CD34, desmin, smooth-muscle actin, CD10, p63, calponin, h-caldesmon, c-kit, HMB-45, synaptophysin, or glial fibrillary acid protein. Our reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using the formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissues detected EWSR1-CREB1 fusion transcript, but could not demonstrate EWSR1-ATF1 fusion or EWSR1/TAF15/TFG-NR4A3 fusion. These findings indicate that the current tumor is an additional case of PPMS with EESR1-CREB1 fusion, recently reported by Thway et al. Some cases of PPMS can behave in an indolent manner.