Regional inequalities and the impact of ‘matching technology’ on the arrival rate of employment offers: A theoretical and empirical analysis

Authors


  • A previous version of this paper was presented at the international workshop on ‘Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development’ jointly held at the Tinbergen Institute and VU University, Amsterdam, May 2011. The authors are grateful to Mark Partridge, Andres Rodríguez-Pose, Amitrajeet Batabyal and the participants of the workshop for useful comments and suggestions. We would like to acknowledge the helpful and supportive comments of four anonymous referees and the Guest Editors, which have helped to substantially improve the quality of this paper. The findings, interpretations and conclusions are those entirely of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position, policies or views of the Ministry of Rural Development and Foods and/or the Greek Government. All remaining errors are ours.

Abstract

In this paper a ‘search and matching’ framework is used to examine the impact of advances in information technology on regional inequalities. While the relevant literature analyses the impact of technological progress with respect to changes in regional productivity, we take an alternative perspective: changes in the arrival rate of job offers and employment opportunities. Simulation experiments complement the theoretical framework, while some empirical evidence using a sample of NUTS 2 and NUTS 3 regions in Europe, is also presented.

Resumen

En este artículo se presenta un marco de ‘búsqueda y emparejamiento’ para examinar el impacto de los avances en las tecnologías de la información en las desigualdades regionales. Si bien la literatura relevante analiza el impacto de los avances tecnológicos con respecto a los cambios en la productividad regional, aquí se emplea un enfoque alternativo: cambios en la tasa de aparición de ofertas de trabajo y oportunidades de empleo. Varios experimentos de simulación complementan el marco teórico, a la vez que se presentan algunas pruebas empíricas provenientes de una muestra de regiones NUTS 2 y NUTS 3 de Europa.

graphic

Ancillary