Clinicians who prescribe chronic opioid therapy are concerned about identifying patients who are at-risk for misusing, abusing, or diverting (i.e. selling) their pain medications. Experts have specifically recommended using clinical assessment tools as part of a comprehensive plan for mitigating opioid-related risks. These tools are typically short, standardized questionnaires that screen for the presence or absence of putatively aberrant medication-related behaviors thought to be predictive of addiction. Interestingly, these tools remain wholly unregulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or other authorities.