Investigation of rice blast development in susceptible and resistant rice cultivars using a gfp-expressing Magnaporthe oryzae isolate

Authors

  • L. Campos-Soriano,

    1. Department of Molecular Genetics, Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics (CRAG) CSIC-IRTA-UAB-UB, Edifici CRAG, Bellaterra, Cerdanyola del Vallés, Barcelona, Spain
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  • G. Valè,

    1. Genomics Research Centre, Agricultural Research Council (CRA), Fiorenzuola D'Arda, Piacenza, Italy
    2. Rice Research Unit, Agricultural Research Council (CRA), Vercelli, Italy
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  • E. Lupotto,

    1. Rice Research Unit, Agricultural Research Council (CRA), Vercelli, Italy
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  • B. San Segundo

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Molecular Genetics, Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics (CRAG) CSIC-IRTA-UAB-UB, Edifici CRAG, Bellaterra, Cerdanyola del Vallés, Barcelona, Spain
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E-mail: blanca.sansegundo@cragenomica.es

Abstract

In this study, an isolate of Magnaporthe oryzae expressing the green fluorescent protein gene (gfp) was used to monitor early events in the interaction of M. oryzae with resistant rice cultivars harbouring a blast resistance (R) gene. In the resistant cultivars Saber and TeQing (Pib gene), M. oryzae spores germinated normally on the leaf surface but produced morphologically abnormal germ tubes. Germling growth and development were markedly and adversely affected in leaves of these resistant cultivars. Penetration of host cells was never seen, supporting the idea that disruption of germling development on the leaf surface might be one of the resistance mechanisms associated with Pib function. Thus, this particular R gene appeared to function in the absence of host penetration by the fungal pathogen. Confocal laser scanning microscopy of Moryzae-infected susceptible rice cultivars showed the dimorphic growth pattern that is typically observed during the biotrophic and necrotrophic stages of leaf colonization in susceptible cultivars. The suitability of the gfp-expressing M. oryzae isolate for further research on R-gene function and identification of resistant genotypes in rice germplasm collections is discussed.

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