SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • Chronic schizophrenia;
  • empowering program;
  • helplessness;
  • recovery

Purpose

The study aim was to evaluate the effects on helplessness and recovery of an empowering program for patients with chronic schizophrenia.

Design and Methods

A repeated-measure design with a control group was used. The subjects consisted of 46 patients with schizophrenia admitted in three psychiatric hospitals in South Korea. The experimental group (n = 23) received the empowering program twice a week for 60 min, with a total of 6 weeks.

Findings

This finding revealed that the empowering program was effective on helplessness (F = 185.218, p <.001) and recovery (F = 159.402, p <.001, F = 34.154, p <.001) of hospitalized persons with schizophrenia.

Practice Implications

This study demonstrated that the empowering program can be a useful psychiatric nursing intervention.