Conflict of Interest Statement
The Effects on Helplessness and Recovery of An Empowerment Program for Hospitalized Persons With Schizophrenia
Article first published online: 7 NOV 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Volume 49, Issue 2, pages 110–117, April 2013
How to Cite
Park, S. A. and Sung, K. M. (2013), The Effects on Helplessness and Recovery of An Empowerment Program for Hospitalized Persons With Schizophrenia. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 49: 110–117. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12002
The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and publication of this article.
Kyung Mi Sung and Soon Ah Park contributed equally to this work.
- Issue published online: 5 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 7 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 4 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 3 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 23 MAR 2012
- Chronic schizophrenia;
- empowering program;
The study aim was to evaluate the effects on helplessness and recovery of an empowering program for patients with chronic schizophrenia.
Design and Methods
A repeated-measure design with a control group was used. The subjects consisted of 46 patients with schizophrenia admitted in three psychiatric hospitals in South Korea. The experimental group (n = 23) received the empowering program twice a week for 60 min, with a total of 6 weeks.
This finding revealed that the empowering program was effective on helplessness (F = 185.218, p <.001) and recovery (F = 159.402, p <.001, F = 34.154, p <.001) of hospitalized persons with schizophrenia.
This study demonstrated that the empowering program can be a useful psychiatric nursing intervention.