Conflict of Interest Statement
Screening and Correlates of Depression and HbA1C in United Arab Emirates (UAE) Women With Diabetes
Article first published online: 26 MAR 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Volume 49, Issue 4, pages 262–268, October 2013
How to Cite
Hawamdeh, S., Almakhzoomy, I. and Hayajneh, Y. (2013), Screening and Correlates of Depression and HbA1C in United Arab Emirates (UAE) Women With Diabetes. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 49: 262–268. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12013
The authors report no actual or potential conflicts of interest.
- Issue published online: 4 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 26 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 15 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 22 JUL 2012
- University of Sharjah
- diabetes mellitus;
- glycemic control;
- socio-demographic variables
The aim was to identify the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics of United Arab Emirates (UAE) women with diabetes and depression and to explore any differences between depressed and nondepressed patients in relation to glycemic control.
Design and Methods
One hundred eighty-two subjects completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II and a socio-demographic questionnaire (i.e., age, national status, economic status, level of education, and employment status). Glycemic control was assessed by glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C).
Ninety-two subjects were diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. A statistically significant higher incidence of depression was found in the subject group with diagnosed diabetes mellitus than in the nondiabetic subject group. A statistically significant relationship was found between depression status and type of diabetes (Type 1). A positive relationship between poor glycemic control and higher levels of depression was identified. A positively significant relationship was found between national status and level of depression among the diabetic sample, among whom at least half showed poor glycemic control (HbA1C levels > 7.5).
Early detection of depression among women with diabetes is crucial to enhance treatment regimen adherence and glycemic control. As the UAE diabetic women are at even greater risk than other diabetic women, they need to be very carefully screened and evaluated for depression.