Conflict of Interest Statement
Nurses' Work-Related Stress in China: A Comparison Between Psychiatric and General Hospitals
Article first published online: 17 MAY 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc
Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
How to Cite
Qi, Y.-K., Xiang, Y.-T., An, F.-R., Wang, J., Zeng, J.-Y., Ungvari, G. S., Newhouse, R., Yu, D. S. F., Lai, K. Y. C., Ding, Y.-M., Yu, L., Zhang, X.-Y. and Chiu, H. F. K. (2013), Nurses' Work-Related Stress in China: A Comparison Between Psychiatric and General Hospitals. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12020
The authors report no actual or potential conflicts of interest.
Yun-Ke Qi, Feng-Rong An, and Jiao-Ying Zeng contributed equally to the paper.
- Article first published online: 17 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 20 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 5 DEC 2012
- National Science Foundation of China. Grant Numbers: 30800367, 30770776, 81171270
- Beijing Nova Program of the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission. Grant Number: 2008B59
- Medical ward(s);
- psychiatric hospital;
- work-related stress
Little is known about the level of work-related stress in nurses in China. This study compared the level of work-related stress between female nurses working in psychiatric and general hospitals in China.
Design and Methods
A descriptive comparative cross-sectional design was used. A consecutive sample of nurses from two psychiatric hospitals (N = 297) and a medical unit (N = 408) of a general hospital completed a written survey including socio-demographic data and a measure of work-related stress (Nurse Stress Inventory).
Compared to the nurses working in the general hospital, those working in the psychiatric setting had a higher level of stress in the domains of working environment and resources (p < .001) and patient care (p < .001), but lower workload and time (p < .001). Multivariate analyses revealed that college or higher level of education (β = .1, p < .001), exposure to violence in the past 6 months (β = .2, p < .001), longer working experience, and working in psychiatric hospitals were associated with high work-related stress (β = .2, p < .001).
Considering the harmful effects of work-related stress, specific stress management workshops and effective staff supportive initiatives for Chinese nurses are warranted.